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Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 110, Issue 1, pp 105–110 | Cite as

Giant sacral schwannomas

  • Sedat Çağlı
  • Hasan Serdar IşıkEmail author
  • Umut Yıldırım
  • Nevhis Akıntürk
  • Mehmet Zileli
Clinical Study

Abstract

Sacral schwannomas are very rare tumors. There are merely around 50 cases reported in the literature most of which are case presentations. In this study we present a 13-case series, which is one of the most extensive series in the literature. Thirteen giant sacral schwannoma cases operated at Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Neurosurgery Department between 1995 and 2010 are investigated retrospectively. All patients were assessed with direct radiography, computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The patients were operated, after the diagnosis through biopsy patients with Sridhar Type V classification are included in the study. Five patients were male, eight were female and the average age was 37.1 (ranging between 14 and 55). All the patients were suffering from back and leg pain at the time of consultation. Four patients had sphincter problems and three had weakness in the leg. After the biopsy and histological analysis, intralesionary resections were performed. Five patients went through both anterior and posterior interventions, six patients had only posterior and two had just anterior intervention. One patient had iliac vein injury during the anterior surgery. This patient was reoperated for embolectomy and vein graft because of thrombosis. Average follow-up period was 8.1 years (1–15 years). All patients were assessed with MR annually. A small residual tumor was detected in two patients, however they were not reoperated. Although sacral schwannomas are rare tumors, the diagnosis is not so difficult with CT and MRI. In this study, we suggest biopsy for predetermination of the nature of the tumor as it affects the treatment choice and the method of operation. Surgically, a simple intralesionary excision is an appropriate choice.

Keywords

Schwannoma Sacrum Giant Surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sedat Çağlı
    • 1
  • Hasan Serdar Işık
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Umut Yıldırım
    • 1
  • Nevhis Akıntürk
    • 1
  • Mehmet Zileli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryEge University Faculty of MedicineIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryOrdu University Faculty of MedicineOrduTurkey
  3. 3.OrduTurkey

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