Efficacy of Music Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients

Objective. To assess the dynamics of recovery of motor, speech, and autonomous functions in patients with ischemic stroke (IS) using music therapy. Materials and methods. A total of 45 patients with IS in the basin of the right middle cerebral artery were studied. Patients were divided into three groups of 15 – the study group, the reference group, and the control group. Patients of the first and second groups were treated with and without a special set of exercises with musical accompaniment on days 3, 5, 7, and 9 of rehabilitation. Patients of the third group received standard basal physiotherapy and served as the control group. Changes in status were evaluated on the NIHSS, the Rivermead Mobility Index, the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), and the modified speech function assessment scale on days 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 of illness. Cardiorespiratory synchronization was studied from day 6 of illness. Results and conclusions. Music therapy was shown to be statistically significantly effective in relation to all study parameters. The authors take the view that the actions of this program may be based on neuroplasticity processes.

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Correspondence to E. Z. Yakupov.

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Translated from Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii imeni S. S. Korsakova, Vol. 117, No. 5, Iss. 1, pp. 14–21, May, 2017.

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Yakupov, E.Z., Nalbat, A.V., Semenova, M.V. et al. Efficacy of Music Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients. Neurosci Behav Physi 49, 121–128 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11055-018-0704-3

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Keywords

  • ischemic stroke
  • neuroplasticity
  • music therapy
  • neurorehabilitation
  • cardiorespiratory synchronization