Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp 967–975 | Cite as

Event-Related Potentials to Faces Presented in an Emotional Context

Article
  • 28 Downloads

The ability to recognize faces is a key skill forming our social behavior. Much attention has been focused on studies of the perception of emotional faces and expressions, though the question of the effects of context on the face recognition process has received little study. Subjects in the studies reported here watched a video clip, after which EEG recordings were made as they performed a task with photographs of the neutral faces of the characters in the film and photographs of the neutral faces of fillers (characters not appearing in the film). Studies were performed using event-related potentials (ERP). Differences were found in the amplitude of the P200 component in responses to presentation of the faces of culprits and victims, which may be associated with the different subjective significance of these stimuli for the person watching the video clip. Correlations were also found between the subjects’ personality characteristics (anxiety, aggressivity, hostility) and increases in the amplitude of the P200 component in response to the faces of victims as compared with fillers. Further studies of the effects of emotional context on the perception of faces are required.

Keywords

EEG ERP P200 recognition of faces 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barabanshchikov, V. A. and Khoze, E. G., “Perception of induced emotional expressions of calm faces,” in: 6th Int. Conf. on Cognitive Sciences, Kaliningrad (2004), pp. 142–143.Google Scholar
  2. Batty, M. and Taylor, M. J., “Early processing of six basic facial emotional expressions,” Cogn. Brain Res., 17, 613–620 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bentin, S., Sagiv, N., Mecklinger, A., et al., “Priming visual face-processing mechanisms: Electrophysiological evidence,” Psychol. Sci., 13, 190–193 (2002).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bruce, V. and Young, A. W., “Understanding face recognition,” Brit. J. Psychol., 77, 305–327 (1986).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Caharel, S., Leleu, A., Bernard, S., et al., “Early holistic face-like processing of Arcimboldo paintings in the right occipito-temporal cortex: evidence from the N170 ERP component,” Int. J. Psychophysiol., 90, 157–164 (2013).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dermanova, I. B., Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (J. Taylor, adapted by T. A. Nemchin). Diagnosis of Emotional-Moral Development, St. Petersburg (2002), pp. 126–128.Google Scholar
  7. Duncan-Johnson, C. C. and Donchin, E., “The P300 component of the event-related brain potential as an index of information processing,” Biol. Psychol., 14, 1–52 (1982).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Eimler, M., Holmes, A., and McGlone, E. P., “The role of spatial attention in the processing of facial expression: an ERP study of rapid brain responses to six basic emotions,” Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci., 3, No. 2, 97–110 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eimer, M. and Holmes, A., “An ERP study on the time course of emotional face processing,” NeuroReport, 13, 427–431 (2002).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Eimer, M. and Holmes, A., “Event-related brain potential correlates of emotional face processing,” Neuropsychologia, 45, 15–31 (2007).CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Eimer, M., “Attentional modulations of event-related brain potentials sensitive to faces,” Cogn. Neuropsychol., 17, 103–116 (2000a).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Eimer, M., “Event-related brain potentials distinguish processing stages involved in face perception and recognition,” Clin. Neurophysiol., 111, 694–705 (2000b).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Eimer, M., “The face-specific N170 component reflects late stages in the structural encoding of faces,” Neuroreport, 11, 2319–2324 (2000c).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Halit, H., Haan, M., and Johnson, M. H., “Cortical specialisation for face processing: face-sensitive event-related potential components in 3- and 12-month-old infants,” NeuroImage, 19, No. 3, 1180–1193 (2003).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Haxby J. V., Hoffman, E. A., and Gobbini, M. I., “The distributed human neural system for face perception,” Trends Cogn. Sci., 4, No. 6, 223–233 (2000).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., and Gobbini, M. I., “Human neural systems for face recognition and social communication,” Biol. Psychiatry, 51, No. 1, 59–67 (2002).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Hirai, M., Watanabe, S., Honda, Y., et al., “Emotional object and scene stimuli modulate subsequent face processing: An event-related potential study,” Brain Res. Bull., 77, 264–273 (2008).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Holmes, A., Nielsen, M. K., and Green, S., “Effects of anxiety on the processing of fearful and happy faces: An event-related potential study,” Biol. Psychol., 77, 159–173 (2008).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Holmes, A., Vuilleumier, P., and Eimer, M., “The processing of emotional facial expression is gated by spatial attention: evidence from event-related brain potentials,” Cogn. Brain Res., 16, No. 2, 174–184 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Izard, C. E., “Facial expression, emotion, and motivation,” in: Nonverbal Behavior (1979), pp. 31–49.Google Scholar
  21. Jacques, C. and Rossion, B., “Does physical interstimulus variance account for early electrophysiological face sensitive responses in the human brain? Ten lessons on the N170,” Neuroimage, 39, No. 4, 1959–1979 (2008).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Kanunikov, I. E. and Fomicheva, D. A., “Reactions of the human brain to images of faces presented in an emotionally negative context,” in: The Human Face in Science, Art, and Practice, K. A. Anan’ev, V. A. Barabanshchikov, and Demidov, A. A. (eds.), Cogito-Tsentr, Moscow (2015), pp. 415–426.Google Scholar
  23. Kanwisher, N., McDermott, J., and Chun, M. M., “The fusiform face area: A module in human extrastriate cortex specialized for face perception,” J. Neurosci., 17, 4302–4311 (1997).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Kaufmann, J. M., Schulz, C., and Schweinberger, S. R., “High and low performers differ in the use of shape information for face recognition,” Neuropsychologia, 51, 1310–1319 (2013).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Kolassa I. T. and Miltner W. H. R., “Psychophysiological correlates of face processing in social phobia,” Brain Res., 1118, No. 1, 130–141 (2006).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Lang, S., Nelson, C., and Collin, R., “Event-related potentials to emotional and neural stimuli,” J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol., 12, 946–958 (1990).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Latinus, M. and Taylor, M. J., “Face processing stages: impact of difficulty and the separation of effects,” Brain Res., 1123, No. 1, 179–187 (2006).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Lefebvre, C. D., Marchand, Y., Smith, S. M., and Connolly, J. E., “Use of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to assess eyewitness accuracy and deception,” Internat. J. Psychophysiol., 73, 218–225 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mer, R. J. and Taylor, M. J., “Inversion and contrast reversal affect both encoding and recognition of faces: a repetition study using ERPs,” Neuroimage, 15, 353–372 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Olofsson, J., Nordin, S., Segueira, H., and Polich, J., “Affective picture processing: An integrative review of ERP findings,” Biol. Psychol., 77, 247–265 (2008).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Peng, M., De Beuckelaer, A., Yuan, L., and Zhou, R., “The processing of anticipated and unanticipated fearful faces: An ERP study,” Neurosci. Lett., 526, 85–90 (2012).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Rivolta, D., Prosopagnosia: When All Faces Look the Same, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rossion, B., “Understanding face perception by means of human electrophysiology,” Trends Cogn. Sci., 18, No. 6, 310–318 (2014).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Rossion, R., Campanella, S., Gomez, C. M., et al., “Task modulation of brain activity related to familiar and unfamiliar face processing: an ERP study,” Clin. Neurophysiol., 110, 449–462 (1999).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Sagiv, N. and Bentin, S., “Structural encoding of human and schematic faces: holistic and part-based processes,” J. Cogn. Neurosci., 13, 937–951 (2001).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Schulz, C., Kaufman J. M., Kurt, A., and Schweinberg, S. R., “Faces forming traces: Neurophysiological correlates of learning naturally distinctive and caricatured faces,” NeuroImage, 63, No. 1, 491–500 (2012b).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Schulz, C., Kaufmann, J., Walther, L., and Schweinberger, S. R., “Effects of anticaricaturing vs. caricaturing and their neural correlates elucidate a role of shape for face learning,” Neuropsychologia, 50, 2426–2434 (2012a).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Shelepin, Yu. E., Borachuk, O. V., Pronin, S. V. et al., “The human face and the neurophysiology of nonverbal means of communication,” in: The Human Face in Science, Art, and Practice, Anan’ev, K. I. et al., (eds.), Cogito-Tsentr, Moscow (2015), pp. 449–483.Google Scholar
  39. Stekelenburg, J. J. and Gelder, B., “Naso-temporal asymmetry of the N170 for processing faces in normal viewers but not in developmental prosopagnosia,” Neurosci. Lett., 376, No. 1, 40–45 (2005).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Streit, M., Wolwer, W., Brinkmeyer, J., et al., “Electrophysiological correlates of emotional and structural face processing in humans,” Neurosci. Lett., 278, 13–16 (2000).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Taylor, S. E., Phan, K. L., Decker, L. R., and Liberzon, I., “Subjective rating of emotionally salient stimuli modulates neural activity,” Neuroimage, 18, No. 3, 650–659 (2003).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Challenges in the Convergence of the Natural Sciences and Humanities, Department of Higher Nervous Activity and PsychophysiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations