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Individual measures of electroencephalogram alpha activity and non-verbal creativity

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to study correlational interactions between individual measures of alpha-activity in the baseline electroencephalogram (maximum peak frequency, range width, depth of alpha activity desynchronization reactions, structural characteristics of alpha spindles) and measures of non-verbal intellect (“Fluency,” “Originality,” “Flexibility”) in the Torrance test in 98 healthy male subjects. These studies provided the first demonstration that individuals with high alpha-rhythm maximum peak frequency values and prolonged alpha spindles were generally characterized by more “fluent” non-verbal intellect. In turn, high levels of originality and intellectual plasticity showed a significant association with a wider range of alpha activity and variability of alpha spindle amplitude. The highest levels of originality in solving non-verbal tasks were seen in subjects with the lowest values for individual alpha-activity peak frequencies. These measures of the alpha rhythm can be regarded as individual markers of the productivity, plasticity, and originality of non-verbal intellect.

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Correspondence to O. M. Bazanova.

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Translated from Rossiiskii Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal imeni I. M. Sechenova, Vol. 93, No. 1, pp. 14–26, January, 2007.

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Bazanova, O.M., Aftanas, L.I. Individual measures of electroencephalogram alpha activity and non-verbal creativity. Neurosci Behav Physi 38, 227–235 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11055-008-0034-y

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Key Words

  • electroencephalogram
  • individual alpha-activity frequency
  • individual alpha-range width
  • individual alpha spindle characteristics
  • non-verbal creativity