Sorption of cobalt (CoII) ions from aqueous solution by waste calcite, kaolinite and zeolite was investigated in a series of batch experiments. The sorption capacity of the sorbents was a function of the initial solution pH, contact time and sorbent/sorbate ratio. For these three sorbents, the kinetic and isotherm experimental data were well fitted to pseudo-second-order and Langmuir equations, respectively. The maximum sorption capacity (mg g−1) of Co(II) was 4.67, 3.76 and 2.23 for waste calcite, zeolite and kaolinite, respectively. Desorption experiments showed that the desorption capacities were in the order of zeolite > kaolinite > waste calcite. The equilibrium and kinetic results indicated that waste calcite had the best performance for the removal of Co(II) compared to zeolite and kaolinite. To simulate and predict Co(II) sorption mechanisms, the surface complexation and cation exchange models in PHREEQC program were used. The model results suggested that the main mechanisms of Co(II) sorption on waste calcite and zeolite were surface complexation and cation exchange, respectively. In the case of kaolinite, the model predicted that both mechanisms were involved in the sorption of Co(II), but the surface complexation was the predominant mechanism.
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We would like to thank Dr. Clayton Butterly for his valuable remarks on the manuscript. We also are very grateful to the two anonymous reviewers and Editor-in-Chief (Professor John Carranza) for their constructive and insightful comments toward the improvement of this paper.
The funding was provided by Bu-Ali Sina University.
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Latifi, Z., Jalali, M. Measuring and Simulating Co(II) Sorption on Waste Calcite, Zeolite and Kaolinite. Nat Resour Res 29, 967–981 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11053-019-09475-8
- Empirical and mechanistic models