Natural Resources Research

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 19–98 | Cite as

Unconventional Energy Resources: 2013 Review

  • American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Energy Minerals Division
Article

Abstract

This report contains nine unconventional energy resource commodity summaries and an analysis of energy economics prepared by committees of the Energy Minerals Division of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Unconventional energy resources, as used in this report, are those energy resources that do not occur in discrete oil or gas reservoirs held in structural or stratigraphic traps in sedimentary basins. These resources include coal, coalbed methane, gas hydrates, tight-gas sands, gas shale and shale oil, geothermal resources, oil sands, oil shale, and U and Th resources and associated rare earth elements of industrial interest. Current U.S. and global research and development activities are summarized for each unconventional energy commodity in the topical sections of this report.

Keywords

Coal coalbed methane gas hydrates tight-gas sands gas shale and shale oil geothermal oil sands oil shale Th REEs unconventional energy resources energy economics 

References

  1. ACC. (2013). Shale gas, competitiveness, and new US chemical industry investment: An analysis based on announced projects. Economics & Statistics Department, American Chemistry Council (ACC) (p. 47). Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://chemistrytoenergy.com/shale-study.
  2. Adams, J. J. (2008). The impact of geological and microbiological processes on oil composition and fluid property variations in heavy oil and bitumen reservoir. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Calgary (p. 746).Google Scholar
  3. Advanced Resources International. (2006). Basin oriented strategies for CO 2 enhanced oil recovery: Permian Basin. Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy—Office of Oil and Natural Gas. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.adv-res.com/pdf/Basin%20Oriented%20Strategies%20-%20Permian_Basin.pdf.
  4. Aguirre, A., Reber, T., Camp, E., Shope, E., Stutz, G., Tester, J. W., Jordan, T. E., & Stedinger, J. R. (2013). Geothermal resources in New York State and Pennsylvania. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  5. Allis, R., Blackett, B., Gwynn, M., Hardwick, C., Moore, J., Morgan, C., Schelling, D., & Sprinkel, D. A. (2012). Stratigraphic reservoirs in the great basin–the bridge to development of enhanced geothermal systems in the U.S.: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 351–357.Google Scholar
  6. Allison, M. L., Richard, S. M., Clark, R. C., Patten, K., Love, D. S., Coleman, C., Chen, G., Matti, J., Day, J., Pape, E., Musil, L., & Caudill, C. (2012). A geothermal data system for exploration and development: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 599–605.Google Scholar
  7. Alpha Natural Resources. (2013). BMO Capital Markets 22nd Global Metals & Mining Conference, Feb. 26, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/ALNR/2596327705x0x637955/618b0715-45ae-4aa4-bb06-091eebfb8f56/BMO_ANR_Presentation_-_FINAL_FINAL_2-26-13.pdf.
  8. Ambrose, W. A. (2007). Depositional Systems of Uranium in South Texas. In Proceedings of Gulf Coast Geological Societies Conference, Fall (p. 12). Corpus Christi, TX. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from http://www.mdcampbell.com/AMBROSEGCAGS07.pdf.
  9. Ambrose, W. A., Breton, C., Hovorka, S. D., Duncan, I. J., Gülen, G., Holtz, M. H., et al. (2011). Geologic and infrastructure factors for delineating areas for clean coal: examples in Texas, USA. Environmental Earth Science, 63, 513–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ambrose, W. A., Breton, C., Núñez López, V., & Gülen, G. (2012). Geologic and economic criteria for siting clean-coal facilities in the Texas Gulf Coast, USA. Natural Resources Research, 21(4), 461–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ambrose, W. A., Reilly, J. F., & Peters, D. C. (2013). Energy resources for human settlement in the Solar System and Earth’s future in space. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 101, 213.Google Scholar
  12. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Energy Minerals Division. (2007). Unconventional energy resources and geospatial information—2006 review. Natural Resources Research, 16(3), 243–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Energy Minerals Division. (2009). Unconventional energy resources and geospatial information: 2007—2008 review. Natural Resources Research, 18(2), 65–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Energy Minerals Division. (2011). Unconventional energy resources—2011 review. Natural Resources Research, 20(4), 279–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Foundation. (2013). Jay M. McMurray memorial grant. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from http://foundation.aapg.org/gia/mcmurray.cfm.
  16. Anderson, A., Bandy, P., & Weers, J. (2012). National Geothermal Data System–DOE Geothermal Data Repository: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 607–609.Google Scholar
  17. Ardakani, E. P., & Schmitt, D. R. (2012). Adding to the geophysical tool box for geothermal exploration—use of seismic and magnetic surveys in a regional geophysical study for geothermal exploration in NE Alberta, Canada: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 985–988.Google Scholar
  18. Armbrustmacher, T. J., Modreski, P. J., Hoover, D. B., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Thorium-rare earth element vein deposits. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved June 26, 2013, from http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/ofr-95-0831/CHAP7.pdf.
  19. Augustine, C., & Falkenstern, D. (2012). An estimate of the near-term electricity generation potential of co-produced water from active oil and gas wells: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 187–200.Google Scholar
  20. Beaton, A., Rokosh, D., & Hein, F. J. (2013). Alberta’s unconventional shale resource potential, in: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Annual Conference and Exhibition (ACE), Pittsburgh, PA, 19–22 May (poster presentation, in press, abstract).Google Scholar
  21. Bedre, M. G., & Anderson, B. J. (2012). Sensitivity analysis of low-temperature geothermal reservoirs: effect of reservoir parameters on the direct use of geothermal energy: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 1255–1261.Google Scholar
  22. Benato, S. (2013). Transmissivity evolution during selected injection phases at the Desert Peak EGS Project. NV: Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  23. Binnemans, K., Jones, P. T., Van Acker, K., Blanpain, B., Mishra, B., & Apelian, D. (2013). Rare-Earth Economics: The Balance Problem. Journal of Metals, May 31 Online edition. Retrieved July 3, 2013, from http://kuleuven.rare3.eu/papers/binnemans_jom_2013.pdf.
  24. Birdwell, J. E., Mercier, T. J., Johnson, R. C., & Brownfield, M. E. (2013). In-place oil shale resources examined by grade in the major basins of the Green River Formation. Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012–3145, p. 4.Google Scholar
  25. Carlson G., & Birkby, J. (2013). Geothermal potential of oil and gas wells on the Fort Peck Reservation in NE Montana. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power—Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  26. Boak, J. (2008). Estimate of carbon dioxide production for in situ production of shale oil from the Green River Formation in western Colorado. In Proceedings of the 27th Oil Shale symposium. Colorado Energy Research Institute Document 2008-1, Colorado School of Mines, Golden CO, USA (CD-ROM).Google Scholar
  27. Boak, J. (2013a). A second look at water use for in situ shale oil production. In 32nd Oil Shale Symposium. Golden, Colorado School of Mines CO, October 16–18, 2012.Google Scholar
  28. Boak, J. (2013b). Shale oil production from oil shale: Where? How soon? How much? How risky? Presentation at International Oil Shale Symposium. Tallinn, Estonia, June 10–11, 2013.Google Scholar
  29. Boak, J., & Mattson, E. (2010). Water use for in situ production of oil from oil shale. In Proceedings of the 29th Oil Shale symposium. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA (CD-ROM).Google Scholar
  30. Bohlen, K. (2012). Preliminary geothermal resource assessment for the Raton Basin, Colorado: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 1327–1333.Google Scholar
  31. Borozdina, O., Ratouis, T., Ungemach, P., & Antics, M. (2012). Thermochemical modelling of cooled brine injection into low enthalpy sedimentary reservoirs: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 151–157.Google Scholar
  32. Boucher, J. (2012). Canadian heavy oil association. In F. Hein (Ed.), The first quarter century: 1985–2011, 2012 (pp. 46–48). Calgary, AB: Canadian Heavy Oil Association.Google Scholar
  33. Boyce, G. H. (2013). Energizing the world one Btu at a time. Howard Weil Annual Energy Conference, March 18, 2013, p. 24. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.peabodyenergy.com/mm/files/Investors/IR%20Presentations/PeabodyEnergy-HowardWeilConference031813.pdf.
  34. Broadhead, R. F. (1984). Subsurface petroleum geology of Santa Rosa Sandstone (Triassic), northeastern New Mexico. New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources. Circular, 193, 22. http://geoinfo.nmt.edu/publications/circulars/193/.
  35. Brummett, W. M., Jr, Emanuel, A. S., & Ronquille, J. D. (1976). Reservoir description by simulation at SACROC—a case history. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 28, 1241–1255.Google Scholar
  36. Bruno, M. S., Serajian, V., Lao, K., White, A., Elkhoury, J. E., & Detwiler, R. L. (2012). Advanced horizontal well recirculation systems for geothermal energy recovery in sedimentary formations: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 365–372.Google Scholar
  37. Burnett, D. (2013). Adapting low environmental impact technologies from oil and gas development. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  38. Burnham, A., & Collins, S. (2009). CO2 sequestration in spent oil shale retorts. In Proceedings of the 28th Oil Shale symposium. Colorado Energy Research Institute Document 2009-2, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA (CD-ROM).Google Scholar
  39. Campbell, M. D. (2005). Recent Uranium industry developments, exploration, mining and environmental programs in the U.S. and overseas, Energy Minerals Division, AAPG, Uranium Committee 2005 Report, March 25. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/Downloads/2005EMDuraniumReport.pdf.
  40. Campbell, M. D. (2011). EMD Uranium (Nuclear Minerals and REE). Annual Committee Report, December 12, p. 30. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.mdcampbell.com/Downloads/EMDUraniumMidYear2011Report.pdf.
  41. Campbell, M. D. (2013a). Confronting media & other bias against uranium exploration & mining, nuclear power, and associated environmental issues. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://i2massociates.com/downloads/I2MAReviews/.
  42. Campbell, M. D. (2013b). EMD uranium (nuclear minerals and REE). Annual Committee Report, May 2, p. 36. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/Downloads/EMDUranium2013AnnualReport.pdf.
  43. Campbell, M. D. (2013c). EMD Committee on Uranium (Nuclear and REE Minerals). Mid-Year Report, November 15, p. 82. Retrieved November 16, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/Downloads/EMDUranium2013Mid-YearReport.pdf.
  44. Campbell, M. D., & Ambrose, W. A. (2010). Press release: Significant uranium and other discoveries on the moon may indicate new space race is afoot, April 16, (Detailed Release: http://www.mdcampbell.com/SpaceRace04172010.pdf. AAPG Release. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.aapg.org/explorer/2010/07jul/moon0710.cfm.
  45. Campbell, M. D., & Biddle, K. T. (1977). Frontier areas and exploration techniques—frontier uranium exploration in the South-Central United States. In Geology [and Environmental Considerations] of Alternate Energy Resources, Uranium, Lignite, and Geothermal Energy in the South Central United States (pp. 3–40). Houston Geological Society, p. 364, for PDF of Chapter 1. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/geology-and-environmental-considerations-alternate-energy-resources.
  46. Campbell, M. D., King, J. D., Wise, H. M., Handley, B., Conca, J. L., & Campbell, M. D. (2013). Nuclear power and associated environmental issues in the transition of exploration and mining on earth to the development of off-world natural resources in the 21st century, In W. A. Ambrose, J. F. II Reilly, & D. C. Peters (Eds.), Energy resources for human settlement in the solar system and Earth’s future in space (pp. 163–213). AAPG Memoir 101. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/Downloads/Memoir101-CHAPTER09Rev.pdf.
  47. Campbell, M. D., King, J. D., Wise, H. M., Rackley, R. I., Hanbley, B. (2009). The nature and extent of uranium reserves and resources and their environmental development in the U.S. and Overseas. In AIPG’s The Professional Geologist, 46(5), 42–51. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.mdcampbell.com/2009_TPGSeptOct.pdf.
  48. Campbell, M. D., & Wiley, M. A. (2011). Uranium and nuclear minerals. In Unconventional Energy Resources: 2011 Review by the Energy Minerals Division, American Association. Petroleum Geologists. Journal of Natural Resources Research, 20(4), 311–328. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/Downloads/NRRJournal_2011.pdf.
  49. Campbell, M. D. & Wise, H. M. (2010). Uranium recovery realities in the U.S.—a review. Invited Presentation for the Dinner Meeting of the Houston Geological Society’s Engineering and Environmental Group, May 18, Houston, TX, p. 51. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/downloads/HGSUraniumRecoveryRealitiesV1.9.pdf.
  50. Campbell, M. D., Wise, H. M., Rackley, R. I., & Handley, B. (2007). Uranium in-situ leach development and associated environmental issues. In Proceedings of Gulf Coast geological societies conference, Fall, Corpus Christi, TX, p. 17. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from http://mdcampbell.com/CampbellWiseRackleyGCAGS2007l.pdf.
  51. Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission. (2013). Latest updates—uranium mines and mills in Northern Saskatchewan. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://nuclearsafety.gc.ca/eng/mycommunity/facilities/northsask/index.cfm#Sectionb.
  52. Carroll, A. R., Graham, S. A., & Smith, M. E. (2010). Walled sedimentary basins of China. Basin Research, 22, 17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Celebi, M., Graves, F., & Russell, C. (2012). Potential coal plant retirements: 2012 update. Discussion Paper from the Battle Group. Retrieved November 25, 2013, from http://brattle.com/system/publications/pdfs/000/004/678/original/Potential_Coal_Plant_Retirements_-_2012_Update.pdf?1378772119.
  54. Chandel, M., & Williams, E. (2009). Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG): Technology, Environmental Implications, and Economics. Duke University, Climate Change Policy Partnership. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.nicholas.duke.edu/ccpp/ccpp_pdfs/synthetic.gas.pdf.
  55. Clark, C., & Harto, C. (2012). Water use in geopressured geothermal systems: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 1187–1190.Google Scholar
  56. Cohen, A., Fowler, M., & Waltzer, K. (2009). “NowGen”; getting real about coal carbon capture and sequestration. The Electricity Journal, 22(4), 25–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Conca, J. L. (2013a). Beyond Earth’s atmosphere: Energy needs for space colonization. Forbes.com. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2013/05/05/beyond-earths-atmosphere-energy-needs-for-space-colonization/.
  58. Conca, J. L. (2013b). Like we’ve been saying—radiation is not a big deal. Forbes.com. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2013/01/11/like-weve-been-saying-radiation-is-not-a-big-deal/.
  59. Conca, J.L. (2013c). Where has all the nuke waste gone?. Forbes.com. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2013/06/24/where-has-all-the-nuke-waste-gone/.
  60. Conca, J. L. (2013d). Yes we can—dispose of nuclear waste. Forbes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2013/06/30/yes-we-can-dispose-of-nuclear-waste/.
  61. Conca, J. L. (2013e). Coal doesn’t have to die: we can make furniture out of it. July 14, Forbes.com. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2013/07/14/coal-doesnt-have-to-die-we-can-make-furniture-out-of-it/.
  62. Crowell, A. M. (2013). Recoverable thermal energy for geothermal power production in the Denver Basin. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  63. Crowell, A. M., Ochsner, A. T., & Gosnold, W. (2012). Correcting bottom-hole temperatures in the Denver Basin: Colorado and Nebraska: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 201–206.Google Scholar
  64. Cutright, B. (2013). Finding geothermal resources for project development. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  65. Danyluk, M., Galbraith, B., Omana, R. (1984). Towards definitions for heavy crude oil and tar sands. In R. F. Meyer, J. C. Wynn, & J. C. Olson (Eds.), The future of heavy crude and tar sands (pp. 7–11). Caracas: United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Second International Conference.Google Scholar
  66. Demayo, T., & Schrimpf, P. (2013). Energy efficiency and energy management in upstream oil and gas operations. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  67. Dickey, H. (2013). Energy production with mixed hydrocarbons and geopressured hybrid systems. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  68. Dickinson, K. A., & Duval, J. S. (1977). Trend areas and exploration techniques—South-Texas Uranium: Geologic Controls, Exploration Techniques, and Potential, in Geology [and Environmental Considerations] of Alternate Energy Resources, Uranium, Lignite, and Geothermal Energy in the South Central States, pp. 45-66. The Houston Geological Society, 364 p., for PDF of Chapter 2. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from http://www.i2massociates.com/geology-and-environmental-considerations-alternate-energy-resources.
  69. DiPippo, R., & Langson, R. (2013). Water and steam applications of the Langson Helical Screw Energy Converter. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  70. Dooley, J. J., Dahowski, R. T., & Davidson, C. L. (2009). Comparing existing pipeline networks with the potential scale of future U.S. CO2 pipeline networks. Energy Procedia, 1, 1595–1602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Dunn, P. (2013). CO 2 Generation for EOR and EGS. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  72. Dusseault, M. B. (2013). Screening criteria and technology sequencing for in situ viscous oil production, In F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, & J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-Oil and Oil-Sand Petroleum Systems in Alberta and Beyond, vol 64 (pp. 407–436). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  73. Dusseault, M. B., Zambrano, A., Barrios, J. R., Guerra, C. (2008). Estimating technically recoverable reserves in the Faja Petrolifera del Orinoco—FPO. In Proceedings World Heavy Oil Congress, Edmonton 10–12 March, 2008, paper 2008-437, p 6.Google Scholar
  74. East, D. (2013). Mezzanine finance solutions for geothermal power. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  75. Eaves, J. (2013). Arch Coal - J.P. Morgan CEO Dinner Series, May 8, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.plsx.com/finder/company.aspx?id=1460.
  76. Energy Ventures Analysis, Inc. (2013). Energy Ventures Analysis, Inc. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://evainc.com/.
  77. ERCB. (2012). Alberta’s Energy Reserves 2011 and Supply/Demand Outlook 2011-2021, Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERCB), Statistical Series, ST98-2012, p. 290 (now Alberta Energy Regulator (effective June 1, 2013). http://www.ercb.ca/data-and-publications/statistical-reports/st98).
  78. Erdahl, S. (2013). Expansion of geothermal–reusing produced oilfield water. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  79. Ewing, R. E. (2009). Southwest Texas heavy oil province: A review. South Texas Geological Society Bulletin, 50(4), 17–34.Google Scholar
  80. Feng J., Dai. J., Wu K., & Liu W. (2011). Discovery of soft-foreland-thrust belt systems in Wuxia area of northwest Junggar Basin and its geological features. In J. Zhong (Ed.), The International Unconventional Oil and Gas Conference, Proceedings, Qingdao, China (IUOGC), July 4–5, pp. 153–174.Google Scholar
  81. Fox, J. (2013). Successful waste heat and geothermal projects. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  82. Fustic, M., Cadious, D., Thurston, D., Al-Dliwe, A., & Leckie, D. A. (2013). Modeling by constraining stochastic simulation to deterministically interpreted three-dimensional geobodies: Case study from lower cretaceous McMurray formation, long lake steam-assisted gravity drainage project, Northeast Alberta, Canada. In, F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, & J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond, vol 64 (pp. 565–604). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  83. Galloway, W. E. (1986). Reservoir facies architecture of microtidal barrier systems. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 70(7), 787–808.Google Scholar
  84. Galloway, W. E., & Cheng, E. S. (1985). Reservoir facies architecture in a microtidal barrier system—Frio Formation, Texas Gulf Coast. The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology Report of Investigations No. 144, p. 36 and 2 plates.Google Scholar
  85. Gates, I. D., Adams, J. J., & Larter, S. R. (2008). The impact of oil viscosity heterogeneity on the production characteristics of tar sand and heavy oil reservoirs. Part II. Intelligent, geotailored recovery processes in compositionally graded reservoirs. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 47, 40–49.Google Scholar
  86. Gatlin, D. (2013). Geothermal sustainability at WCU through a district geoexchange system. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  87. Gosnold, W., & Barse, K. (2013). Status of the North Dakota oil field geothermal projects. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  88. Gosnold, W. D., McDonald, M. R., Klenner, R., & Merriam, D. (2012). Thermostratigraphy of the Williston Basin: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions. Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 663–670.Google Scholar
  89. Guang-Ming, Z. (1986). Geology and Petroleum Potential of Northwestern China, in Future Petroleum Provinces of the World: AAPG Memoir 40, p. 503-513.2009, Status and Development Prospects of China’s Unconventional Natural Gas Exploration and Exploitation: 9th U.S.—China Oil and Gas Forum: PetroChina & Production Company (CNPC), China, p. 34.Google Scholar
  90. Gupta, S., & Sidhartha. (2013). Humble guar gum is India’s top farm export: March 10, 2013, Times of India. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Humble-guar-gum-is-Indias-top-farm-export/articleshow/18885452.cms.
  91. Hamilton, M. R., Herzog, H. J., & Parsons, J. E. (2009). Cost and U. S. public policy for new coal power plants with carbon capture and sequestration. Energy Procedia, 1, 4487–4494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Hein, F. J. (2013). Overview of heavy oil, seeps, and oil (tar) sands, California. In F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, & J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond, vol 64, (pp. 407–436). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  93. Hein, F. J., & Jenkins, C. (2011). EMD Tight Gas Sands Committee Mid-Year Report, posted on EMD Website, Members-Only/Tight Gas Sands.Google Scholar
  94. Hein, F. J., & Marsh, R. A. (2008). Regional geologic framework, depositional models and resource estimates of the oil sands of Alberta, Canada. In Proceedings World Heavy Oil Congress, Edmonton 10–12 March, 2008, paper 2008-320, p. 9.Google Scholar
  95. Hernandez, E., Bauza, L., Cadena, A. (2008). Integrated reservoir characterization and oil in place estimation for Ayacucho area, Orinoco oil belt Venezuela. In Proceedings World Heavy Oil Congress, Edmonton 10–12 March, 2008, paper 2008-426, p. 14.Google Scholar
  96. Hill, D. G., Curtis, J. B., & Lillis, P. G. (2008). Update on North America shale-gas exploration and development, In D. G. Hill, P. G. Lillis, & J. B. Curtis (Eds.), Gas shale in the Rocky Mountains and beyond, 2008 Guidebook. Denver, CO: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, CD-ROM Publication.Google Scholar
  97. Holbrook, J. (2013). New focus on sedimentary basins with SedHeat. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  98. Hollett, D. (2013). US geothermal program projects and focus. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  99. Holtz, M. H., Núñez-López, V., & Breton, C. (2005). Moving Permian Basin technology to the Gulf Coast: the geologic distribution of CO2 EOR potential in Gulf Coast reservoirs. West Texas Geological Society Publication 05-115, p. 11.Google Scholar
  100. Hootsmans, J. (2013). Geothermal potential of Maine. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  101. Hulm, E., Bernaski, G., Kostic, B., Lowe, S., Matson, R. (2013). Integrated reservoir description of the Ugnu heavy-oil accumulation, North Slope, Alaska. In F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, & J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond, vol 64 (pp. 481–508). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  102. Humphries, M., & Sherlock, M. F. (2013). U.S. and world coal production, federal taxes, and incentives: Congressional Research Service, Report for Congress. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43011.pdf.
  103. I2M Associates, LLC. (2013). I2M Associates Interactive Web Resources Portal. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://web.i2massociates.com/categories/about-this-portal.asp.
  104. IAEA. (2005). Chernobyl: true scale of the accident. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/multimedia/videos/cnnchernobylreport/index.html.
  105. International Energy Agency. (2013). Redrawing the energy-climate map. World Energy Outlook Special Report, International Energy Agency, p. 126. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEO_RedrawingEnergyClimateMap.pdf.
  106. IOCC (Interstate Oil Compact Commission). (1983). Major tar sand and heavy oil deposits of the United States: Interstate Oil Compact Commission, pp. 85–116.Google Scholar
  107. Jenkins, C. (2010). Tight Gas Sands Committee Report, EMD Annual Meeting, April 2010, posted on EMD Website, Members-Only/Tight Gas Sands.Google Scholar
  108. Jenkins, C. D. (2011). Tight gas sands, in American Association of Petroleum Geologists (Energy Minerals Division), Unconventional Energy Resources: 2011 Review. Natural Resources Research, 20(4), 286–288.Google Scholar
  109. Jogalekar A. (2013). Nuclear power may have saved 1.8 million lives otherwise lost to fossil fuels, may save up to 7 million more. Scientific American.com. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/the-curious-wavefunction/2013/04/02/nuclear-power-may-have-saved-1-8-million-lives-otherwise-lost-to-fossil-fuels-may-save-up-to-7-million-more/.
  110. Johnson, J. (2013). Nuclear retirement anxiety—as nuclear power plants age, concerns grow over financing, complexity, and safety of decommissioning. Chemical & Engineering News, 91(13), 14–17. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://cen.acs.org/articles/91/i13/Nuclear-Retirement-Anxiety.html.
  111. Karl, B. (2013). Geothermal technology powering projects in Alaska and China. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  112. Keller, G. R. (2013). Integrated studies of thermal regimes and geothermal potential in Oklahoma. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  113. Kerlin, K. (2013). New rotary expander for high pressure natural gas. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  114. Kharecha, P. A., & Hansen, J. E. (2013). Prevented mortality and greenhouse gas emissions from historical and projected nuclear power. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 4889–4895. Retrieved June 27, 2013, from http://pubs.acs.org/doi/ipdf/10.1021/es3051197.
  115. King, G. E. (2012). Hydraulic fracturing 101: What every representative, environmentalist, regulator, reporter, investor, university researcher, neighbor and engineer should know about estimating frac risk and improving frac performance in unconventional gas and oil wells. In Proceedings SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference. The Woodlands, TX, USA, 6–8 February, 2012, SPE Paper 152596, p. 80.Google Scholar
  116. Koottungal, L. (2012) 2012 worldwide EOR survey. Oil and Gas Journal, 2, 2012.Google Scholar
  117. Kuuskraa, V. A., Hammershaimb, E. C., Paque, M. (1987). Major tar sand and heavy-oil deposits of the United States. In R. F. Meyer (Ed.), Exploration for heavy crude oil and natural Bitumen, vol 25 (pp. 123–135). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  118. Larter, S. R., Adams, J. J., Gates, I. D., Bennett, B., & Huang, H. (2008). The origin, prediction and impact of oil viscosity heterogeneity on the production characteristics of tar sand and heavy oil reservoirs. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 47, 52–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Lentsch, D., Savvatis, A., Schubert, A., & Schoebel, W. (2012). Overcoming drilling challenges with rotary steerable technology in deep geothermal wells in the Molasse Basin of Southern Germany. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 165–169.Google Scholar
  120. Liberatore, M., Herring, A., Prasad, M., Dorgan, J., & Batzle, M. (1912). Fluid and rock property controls on production and seismic monitoring Alaska heavy oils—final report. U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory, Project DE-FC26-08NT05663, p. 43Google Scholar
  121. Lindsey, C. (2012). Geothermal energy potential in Oktibbeha County—is Mississippi really hot? Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 171–175.Google Scholar
  122. Lukawski, M. (2013). The impact of well drilling costs on the economics of geothermal energy utilization. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  123. Ma, X. (2009). Status and development prospects of China’s unconventional natural gas exploration and exploitation. 9th U.S.—China Oil and Gas Forum. PetroChina & Production Company (CNPC), China, p. 34.Google Scholar
  124. Marsh, R. A., & Hein, F. J. (2008). Canada’s extra-heavy (bitumen) and heavy oil resources, reserves and development. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 47(5), 7–11.Google Scholar
  125. Masliyah, J. H., Czarnecki, J. A., & Xu, Z. (2011). Handbook on theory and practice of bitumen recovery from Athabasca oil sands, vol I and II. University of Alberta Press, Edmonton, AB, p. 1232.Google Scholar
  126. May, M. T. (2013). Oil-saturated Mississippian-Pennsylvanian sandstones of south-central Kentucky. In F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, & J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond, vol 64 (pp. 373–406). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  127. McCalister, R. (2012). Briefing paper—Coal exporting terminals: Interstate Energy Board, Coal Ports—October 9, 2012 webinar. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.westgov.org/wieb/coalports/.
  128. McVay, D. A., Bello, R. O., Ayers, W. B., Jr., Hernandez, G. A., Rushing, J. A., Ruhl, S. K., Hoffmann, M. F., & Ramazanova, R. I. (2009). Evaluation of the technical and economic feasibility of CO2 sequestration and enhanced coalbed methane recovery in Texas low-rank coals. In M. Grobe, J. C. Pashin, & R. L. Dodge (Eds.), Carbon dioxide sequestration in geological media—state of the science (pp. 665–688). AAPG Studies in Geology, v. 59.Google Scholar
  129. Meckel, L. D. & Thomasson, M. R. (2008). Pervasive tight-gas sandstone reservoirs: An overview. In S. P. Cumella, K. W. Shanley, & W. K. Camp (Eds.), Understanding, exploring, and developing tight-gas sands—2005 Vail Hedberg Conference (pp. 13–27). AAPG Hedberg Series, no. 3.Google Scholar
  130. Memagh, T. P. (2008). A review of the geochemical processes controlling the distribution of Thorium in the Earth’s crust and Australia’s Thorium resources. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://wwwa.ga.gov.au/web_temp/1408207/Rec2008_005.pdf.
  131. Mercier, T. J., Johnson, R. C., Brownfield, M. E. (2011). In-place oil shale resources underlying Federal lands in the Green River and Washakie Basins, southwestern Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011–3113, p. 2.Google Scholar
  132. Mercier, T. J., Johnson, R. C., Brownfield, M. E., & Self, J. G. (2010). In-place oil shale resources underlying Federal lands in the Piceance Basin, western Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010–3041, p. 4.Google Scholar
  133. Meyer, R. F., & Attanasi, E. D. (2010). 4. Natural bitumen and extra-heavy oil: 2010 Survey of Energy Resources, World Energy Council, pp. 123–150. http://energy.cr.usgs.gov/oilgas/addoilgas/WEC10NBEHO.pdf.
  134. Meyer, R. F., Attanasi, E. D., & Freeman, P. A. (2007). Heavy oil and natural bitumen resources in geological basins of the world: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1084, p. 36. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1084/OF2007-1084v1.pdf.
  135. Mishra, P. (2013). Guar gum futures trading in India resumes on record harvest May 14, 2013, Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-05-14/india-resumes-futures-trading-in-guar-gum-as-crop-reaches-record.html.
  136. MIT. (2013). Massachusetts Institute of Technology Study of the Future of Natural Gas. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://mitei.mit.edu/system/files/NaturalGasReport.pdf.
  137. MIT Technology Review. (2011). The enduring technology of coal. Retrieved June 4, 2013, from http://www.technologyreview.com/graphiti/513836/the-enduring-technology-of-coal/.
  138. Mohan, H., Carolus, M., Biglarbigi, K. (2008). The potential for additional carbon dioxide flooding projects in the United States. Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE 113975, p. 9.Google Scholar
  139. Money Morning Editors. (2013). The coming uranium bonanza. Special Report. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://moneymorning.com/reports/uranium_forecast.php?x=X304P151&erc=1#.UdW2f_lDl8H.
  140. Moniz, E. (2011). “Why We Still Need Nuclear Power—Making Clean Energy Safe and Affordable,” Foreign Affairs, November-December Issue. Retrieved June 27, 2013, from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/136544/ernest-moniz/why-we-still-need-nuclear-power.
  141. Morgan, P. (2012). Geothermal regulations in Colorado–land ownership is the key. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 1233–1237.Google Scholar
  142. Morgan, P. (2013). Geothermal gradients and geothermal opportunities in the Piceance Basin, Colorado. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  143. NERC. (2011). Potential impacts of future environmental regulations. North American Electric Reliability Corporation. Retrieved June 3, 2013, from http://www.nerc.com/files/EPA%20Section.pdf.
  144. Newcomer, A., & Apt, J. (2008). Implications of generator siting for CO2 pipeline infrastructure. Energy Policy, 36, 1776–1787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. NewsScience. (2010). Future nuclear reactors could rely on graphite. January 13. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from http://www.usnews.com/science/articles/2010/01/13/future-nuclear-reactors-could-rely-on-graphite.
  146. Noger, M. C. (1999). Tar-sand resources of Western Kentucky: Kentucky Geological Survey Reprint 45, p. 34. http://www.uky.edu/KGS/pubs/tarsands.pdf.
  147. Nordquist, J., & Johnson, L. (2012). Production of power from the co-produced water of oil wells, 3.5 years of operation. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 207–210.Google Scholar
  148. Normann, R. (2013). Hydro-fracturing monitoring tool for geothermal reservoirs. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  149. NRG. (2013). WA Parish CO2 capture project. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.nrgenergy.com/petranova/waparish.html.
  150. Oil and Gas Inquirer. (2012). Hot Plays: Gas prices force explorers to hunt liquids in Deep Basin: Oil and Gas Inquirer, p. 3. http://www.oilandgasinquirer.com.
  151. Pensa, N. (2012). Guar gum up nearly 20x—another sticky commodity situation: April 9, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://spendmatters.com/2012/04/09/guar-gum-another-sticky-commodity-situation/.
  152. Perry, G., & Meyer, R. (2009). Transportation alternatives for heavy crude and bitumen: Canadian Heavy Oil Association, Beer and Chat, Petroleum Club, Calgary, AB, April 28, 2009: office@choa.ab.ca.Google Scholar
  153. Pierce, M. (2013). Gravity head energy system increases oil and gas well pumping power. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.html.
  154. Porro, C., Esposito, A., Augustine, C., & Roberts, B. (2012). An estimate of the geothermal energy resource in the major sedimentary basins in the United States. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 1359–1369.Google Scholar
  155. Postel, J. (2013). Fractionation projects abound: RNB Energy LLC. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.rbnenergy.com/fractionation-projects-abound and http://www.midstreambusiness.com/.
  156. Potential Gas Committee, 2007, Potential supply of natural gas in the United States—Report of the Potential Gas Committee (December 31, 2006), Colorado School of Mines, Available from: http://www.potentialgas.org/.
  157. Potential Gas Committee. (2009). Potential supply of natural gas in the United States—Report of the Potential Gas Committee (December 31, 2008), Colorado School of Mines, Available from: http://www.potentialgas.org/.
  158. Potential Gas Committee. (2011). Potential supply of natural gas in the United States—Report of the Potential Gas Committee (December 31, 2010), Colorado School of Mines. From http://www.potentialgas.org/.
  159. Potential Gas Committee. (2013). Potential supply of natural gas in the United States—Report of the Potential Gas Committee (December 31, 2012), Colorado School of Mines. From http://www.potentialgas.org/.
  160. Preston, C., Whittaker, S., Rostron, B., Chalaturnyk, R., White, D., Hawkes, C., et al. (2009). IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 monitoring and storage project—moving forward with the Final Phase. Energy Procedia, 1, 1743–1750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Qian, J., & Yin, L. (Eds.). (2010). Oil shale-petroleum alternative (1st ed.). Beijing, China: China Petrochemical Press. [An English translation is now available through the publisher at ytt@sinopec.com. A limited number of copies are available through the Colorado School of Mines (contact Jeremy Boak at jboak@mines.edu)].Google Scholar
  162. Reinhardt, T. (2013). Low temperature and coproduction success. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.html.
  163. Reuters. (2012). U.S. study sees 59,000 MW of coal output too costly to run. Retrieved June 6, 2013, from http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/11/13/us-utilities-coal-idUSBRE8AC05D20121113.
  164. Richards, M., Blackwell, D., Williams, M., Frone, Z., Dingwall, R., Batir, J., Chickering, C. (2012). Proposed reliability code for heat flow sites? Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 211–217.Google Scholar
  165. Richter, A., Ko, M., & Thompson, A. (2012). Geothermal energy development in Canada–country update 2012? Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 757–760.Google Scholar
  166. Roen, J. B. (1993). Introductory review—Devonian and Mississippian black shale, eastern Nore America. In J. B. Roen, & R. C. Kepferle (Eds.), Petroleum geology of the Devonian and Mississippian black shale of eastern North America (pp. A1–A8). U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1909.Google Scholar
  167. Rokosh, C. D., Lyster, S., Anderson, S. D. A., Beaton, A. P., Berhane, H., Brazzoni, T., Chen, D., Cheng, Y., Mack, T., Pana, C., & Pawlowicz, J. G. (2012). Summary of Alberta’s shale- and siltstone-hosted hydrocarbon resource potential: Open File Report 2012-06, Energy Resources Conservation Board/Alberta Geological Survey, p. 327.Google Scholar
  168. Ronzello, M. (2013). Technical and economic considerations for gas compressor waste heat to power projects. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  169. Schamel, S. (2009). Strategies for in situ recovery of Utah’s heavy oil and bitumen resources. Utah Geological Survey Open-File Report 551, p. 113.Google Scholar
  170. Schamel, S. (2013a). Unconventional oil resources of the Uinta Basin, Utah. In Hein, F. J., Leckie, D., Larter, S., & Suter, J. R. (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond vol 64 (pp. 437–480). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  171. Schamel, S. (2013b). Tar sand triangle bitumen deposit, Garfield and Wayne counties, Utah. In T. H. Morris & R. Ressetar (Eds.), The San Rafael Swell and Henry Mountains Basin, Utah. Utah Geological Association Publication 42, September 2013, pp. 497–522.Google Scholar
  172. Schenk, C.J., Pollastro, R. M., Hill, R. J. (2006). Natural bitumen resources of the United States: U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2006-3133, p. 2. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2006/3133/pdf/FS2006-3133_508.pdf.
  173. Schue, J. (2013). Geothermal regulations in Texas. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power-Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  174. ScienceDaily. (2013). “Graphene News”. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/news/matter_energy/graphene/.
  175. Sharma, M., & Gebrekidan, S. (2012). Shale energy triggers bean rush in India: May 28, 2012, Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2013, from http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/28/us-india-shale-guar-idUSBRE84R07820120528.
  176. Sorensen, K. (2012). “Energy from Thorium—Top 10 Attributes,” December 30. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://energyfromthorium.com/2012/12/30/energy-from-thorium-top-10-attributes/.
  177. Southerland, K. (2013). US waste heat and renewable power policy impacts. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  178. Straquadine, T. (2013). Capturing of waste heat on Canadian gas pipelines. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  179. Strobl, R. S. (2007). Role of reservoir lithofacies and associated well placement on optimizing SAGD production. In Conference Proceedings of the AAPG Hedberg Research Conference, Heavy oil and bitumen in Foreland Basins—from Processes to Products, 2007, Banff, AB, p. 1.Google Scholar
  180. Strobl, R. S. (2013). Integration of steam-assisted gravity drainage fundamentals with reservoir characterization to optimize production. In F. J. Hein, D. Leckie, S. Larter, J. R. Suter (Eds.), Heavy-oil and oil-sand petroleum systems in Alberta and beyond vol 64 (pp. 639–654). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  181. Strobl, R. S., Fustic, M., & Wightman, D. (2011). SAGD fundamentals—Application of core and outcrop analogues, geology, geophysics and geochemistry to oil sands recovery: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Annual Convention Short Course Notes, p. 100.Google Scholar
  182. Sweet, C. (2013). China uses nearly as much coal as the rest of world combined, EIA says: The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2013, from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323829504578272233059490240.html.
  183. Tanton, T. (2012). The DeSmogBlog. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.desmogblog.com/tom-tanton.
  184. TCEP. (2013). The Texas Clean Energy Project. Retrieved June 6, 2013, from http://www.texascleanenergyproject.com/.
  185. Tenaska. (2013). Tenaska Trailblazer Energy Center, Sweetwater, Texas. Retrieved April 29, 2013, from http://www.tenaskatrailblazer.com/.
  186. Tennyson, M. E. (2005). Growth history of oil reserves in major California oil fields during the Twentieth Century. In T. S. Dyman, J. W. Schmoker, & M. Verma, (Eds.), Geologic, Engineering, and Assessment Studies of Reserve Growth: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2172-H, pp. 1–15.Google Scholar
  187. Thomas, M. M., Alvarez, E., Ghurye, G., Meurer, W. P., Stone, M. T., Symington, W. A., & Yeakel, J. (2010). Responsible development of oil shale. In J. Boak & J. Birdwell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th oil shale symposium (CD). Colorado School of Mines, Golden Colorado.Google Scholar
  188. Thor Energy. (2013). “The Norwegian Thorium Initiative”. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.thorenergy.no/.
  189. TradeTech. (2013). TradeTech: Specialists in nuclear fuel markets—consulting and supply/demand analysis. Retrieved June 30, 2013, from http://www.uranium.info/.
  190. Uddenburg, M. (2013). Newberry, Oregon enhanced geothermal system project. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  191. U.S. Departments of the Interior, Agriculture, and Energy. (2008). Inventory of onshore Federal oil and natural gas resources and restrictions to their development, Phase III Inventory—Onshore United States, 392 pp. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/prog/energy/oil_and_gas/EPCA_III.html.
  192. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2011a). China dominates global oil production. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=3350.
  193. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2011b). Electric power annual 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/electricity/annual/.
  194. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2012a). Annual coal report 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/coal/annual/pdf/acr.pdf.
  195. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2012b). Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Overview. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/er/pdf/0383er(2013).pdf.
  196. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2012c). Natural gas—U.S. coalbed methane production. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngr52nus_1a.htm.
  197. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2012d). U.S. crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids proved reserves, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/crudeoilreserves/pdf/uscrudeoil.pdf.
  198. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2012e). Today in Energy. Five states accounted for about 56% of total U.S. crude oil production in 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=5390.
  199. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013a). Annual Energy Outlook 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/pdf/0383(2013).pdf.
  200. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013b). Domestic Uranium Production Report—Quarterly, May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/uranium/production/quarterly/.
  201. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013c). Above-normal outages of U.S. nuclear capacity persist at the start of 2013, March 14. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=10371.
  202. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013d). Technically recoverable shale oil and shale gas resources—an assessment of 137 shale formations in 41 countries outside of the United States. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/analysis/studies/worldshalegas/pdf/fullreport.pdf?zscb=88660616.
  203. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013e). Monthly Energy Review. Retrieved April 25, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/index.cfm.
  204. U.S. Energy Information Administration. (2013f). U.S. crude oil and natural gas proved reserves, 2011, August 2013, 54 p. Retrieved August 31, 2013, from http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/crudeoilreserves/pdf/uscrudeoil.pdf.
  205. U.S. Geological Survey. (2013). “Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences - Mineral Resources On-Line Spatial Data”. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://mrdata.usgs.gov/mineral-resources/ree.html.
  206. U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2012). “Nuclear Regulation: NRC’s Oversight of Nuclear Power Reactors’ Decommissioning Funds Could Be Further Strengthened,” GAO-12-258, Apr 5, 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-258.
  207. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (2013a). “Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants,” May 21. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/decommissioning.html.
  208. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (2013b). Letter to Mr. Pacilio re Exelon Generation Co., LLC USNRC Office of Investigations Summary Report No. 3-2010-034, etc., EA-11-267, January 31. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1300/ML13008A219.pdf.
  209. United Nations. (2012). “Report of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation”. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/67/46.
  210. Villarroel, T. (2008). New developments in Orinoco oil belt projects reflect a positive effect on the areas reserves: Proceedings World Heavy Oil Congress, Edmonton 10-12 March, 2008, paper 2008-412, 8 p.Google Scholar
  211. Wald, M. L. (2013). “Energy Secretary Optimistic on Obama’s Plan to Reduce Emissions”. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/28/us/politics/energy-secretary-optimistic-on-obamas-plan-to-reduce-emissions.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=2&.
  212. Wellinghoff, J. (2013). State of the US energy system, importance of geothermal and waste heat. Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory, Geothermal Energy and Waste Heat to Power–Utilizing Oil and Gas Plays, Conference Summary, Agenda, Presenters. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from http://smu.edu/geothermal/Oil&Gas/2013/2013_Speakers_Agenda.htm.
  213. Werner, M. R. (1987). Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous heavy-oil sands, Kuparuk River Unit Area, Alaskan North Slope. In R. F. Meyer (Ed.), Exploration for heavy crude oil and natural bitumen, vol 25 (pp. 537–547). AAPG Studies in Geology.Google Scholar
  214. Wilson, G. V. (1987). Characteristics and resource evaluation of the asphalt and bitumen deposits of northern Alabama. Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin, 111, 110.Google Scholar
  215. World Energy Council. (2010). 2010 Survey of Energy Resources. World Energy Council, London. p. 608.Google Scholar
  216. World Health Organization. (2013). “Global report on Fukushima nuclear accident details health risks”. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2013/fukushima_report_20130228/en/.
  217. World Nuclear Association. (2012a). “Supply of Uranium (updated August 2012)”. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/Uranium-Resources/Supply-of-Uranium/#.UerETZziSls.
  218. World Nuclear Association. (2012b). “Australia’s Uranium”. Retrieved June 30, 2013, from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Country-Profiles/Countries-A-F/Australia/#.UdC6kPlDl8E.
  219. World Nuclear News. (2013a). “Second Round of SMR Funding Announced,” March 13, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN-Second_round_of_SMR_funding_announced-1303134.html.
  220. World Nuclear News. (2013b). “UN Approves Radiation Advice”. Retrieved June 29, 2013, from http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS_UN_approves_radiation_advice_1012121.html.
  221. Xin, S., Liang, H., Hu, B., & Li, K. (2012) A 400 kW geothermal power generator using co-produced fluids from Huabei oilfield. Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council 2012 Annual Meeting, September 30–October 3, 2012, Reno, Nevada, CD-ROM, v. 36, pp. 219–223.Google Scholar
  222. Xuqi M. (2011). Future Nuclear Security are not picky eaters. Source: Wen Wei Po, January 26. Retrieved June 24, 2013, from http://translate.google.com/translate?js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&layout=2&eotf=1&sl=zh-CN&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwhb.news365.com.cn%2Fyw%2F201101%2Ft20110126_2944856.htm.
  223. Young, J. P., Mathews, W. L., Hulm, & E. J. (2010). Alaskan heavy oil: First CHOPS at a vast, untapped arctic resource. SPE Conference Paper 133592-MS, SPE Western Regional Meeting, 27-29 May 2010, Anaheim, CA.Google Scholar
  224. Yukai, S., Wang J., Pan H., Liu H., & Hu J. (2011). Deposition reservoir characteristics and controlled factors of reservoir of tight sand gas reservoir of Shuixigou Group in Kekeya area. In Z. Jianhua (Ed.), The International Unconventional Oil and Gas Conference, Proceedings, Qingdao, China (IUOGC), July 4–5, pp. 137–145.Google Scholar
  225. Zhao, W., Wang, Z., Li, J., Xie, Z., & Wang, Z. (2008). Natural gas resources of the sedimentary basins in China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 25, 309–319.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geosciences (outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Energy Minerals Division
    • 1
  1. 1.American Association of Petroleum GeologistsTulsaUSA

Personalised recommendations