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Zinc chloride through N-Cadherin upregulation prevents the damage induced by silver nanoparticles in rat cerebellum

Abstract

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), due to their metallic nature, are increasingly used in biological, optical, and electrical applications. Some reports indicate that AgNPs can induce damage in the central nervous system (CNS), yet little is known about the physiological responses to any such damage. The goal of this work was to investigate the histological cerebellar cortex damage caused by an intraperitoneal administration of AgNPs (15 mg/kg) in rats, and if this damage could be prevented by 24 h of previous treatment with ZnCl2 (27 mg/kg), as well as to evaluate if these effects are associated with the expression of N-Cadherin in the cerebellum. We showed that AgNPs induced damage in the different layers of the cerebellum. Expression of N-Cadherin increased in the white matter after AgNPs and ZnCl2 + AgNPs treatment, and in all cerebellar cortical layers after ZnCl2 + AgNPs administration. We find that N-Cadherin is acting as a mediator of the neuroprotective process against the damage induced by AgNPs in the cerebellar cortex, and this neuroprotective role is enhanced by extracellular Zn.

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Funding

This work was supported by the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT) grants; Problemas Nacionales CONACyT PN-2017–01-4710; Programa de Apoyos a la Ciencia de Frontera CONACyT 316826; COMECYT FICDTEM-2021–01-031; Programa de Apoyo a Proyectos de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica (PAPIIT IN209522) from Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, and a scholarship from CONACyT (342918) granted to Samuel Salazar-García. Graphical abstract was created with Biorender.com.

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Salazar-García, S., García-Rodrigo, J.F., Delgado Buenrostro, N.L. et al. Zinc chloride through N-Cadherin upregulation prevents the damage induced by silver nanoparticles in rat cerebellum. J Nanopart Res 24, 169 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-022-05541-0

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Keywords

  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Cerebellum
  • N-Cadherin
  • Zinc chloride