In situ synthesis and catalytic properties of Cu2O nanoparticles based on clay materials and polyethylene glycol
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A novel protocol for in situ synthesis of Cu2O nanoparticles immobilized on natural bentonite and zeolite and functionalized by polyethylene glycol is reported. The NPs were synthesized during the course of the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4. The synthesized precursors and the catalysts Cu2O/PEG-BT and Cu2O/PEG-ZT were characterized by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray and atomic absorption spectroscopy, surface area analysis, and UV-visible spectroscopy. The diffraction and microscopy data confirmed that in situ copper oxide (I) NPs were synthesized with a size range of 20 to 40 nm. The reduction rate constants at 25 °C for Cu2O/PEG-BT and Cu2O/PEG-ZT were 1.22 × 10−2 and 1.79 × 10−2 s−1, respectively. The synthesized catalysts were found to be highly effective and inexpensive.
KeywordsBentonite Zeolite PEG Cu2O catalyst Nano-composites 4-Nitrophenol reduction Nanostructured catalysts
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Kazakhstan grant 3444/GF4 “Scientific bases development of phosphorus-containing compounds obtained on the basis of technogenic mineral raw materials”.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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