Advertisement

Preparation of high concentration graphene dispersion with low boiling point solvents

  • Xiao You
  • Qian Feng
  • Jinshan YangEmail author
  • Kai Huang
  • Jianbao Hu
  • Shaoming DongEmail author
Research Paper
  • 118 Downloads

Abstract

Exploring the graphene material is premised on the graphene sheets being single-layer graphene (SG) or bi-layer graphene (BG) state, and graphene suspension keeps stably disperse are critical. Since graphene has a highly conjugated system, it is easy to conduct strong π-π interaction with conjugated structure. In this paper, by dispersing graphene powder at low boiling point solvent water or ethanol, ensuring the excellent properties of graphene are not affected by the solvent, which simultaneously solves the difficulty of removing organic solvents. On the basis the concentration of graphene suspension can be greatly improved and no damage to the graphene sheets in the presence of dispersant. This method allows us to prepare a large amount of excellent graphene dispersion, making it possible to obtain graphene-based materials through the low-cost technology, as well as opening up the opportunity for exploiting the application of this nanocarbon material with unique structure.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Graphene Dispersion Low boiling point solvents Polyvinyl pyrrolidone High electrical conductivity Electronics applications 

Notes

Funding information

This project was sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51772310), CAS Pioneer Hundred Talents Program, Shanghai Pujiang Program (No. 17PJ1410100), Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by CAST (2017QNRC001), and Shanghai Institute of Ceramics Innovative Funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Andreas Thess RL, Pavel Nikolaev, et al (1996) Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes Science, New Series 273:483–487.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.273.5274.483
  2. Arao Y, Mori F, Kubouchi M (2017) Efficient solvent systems for improving production of few-layer graphene in liquid phase exfoliation. Carbon 118:18–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.03.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Avouris P, Dimitrakopoulos C (2012) Graphene: synthesis and applications. Mater Today 15:86–97.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(12)70044-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bolotin KI, Sikes KJ, Jiang Z, Klima M, Fudenberg G, Hone J, Kim P, Stormer HL (2008) Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene. Solid State Commun 146:351–355.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brotchie A, Grieser F, Ashokkumar M (2009) Effect of power and frequency on bubble-size distributions in acoustic cavitation. Phys Rev Lett 102:084302.  https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.084302 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cai D, Song M, Xu C (2008) Highly conductive carbon-nanotube/graphite-oxide hybrid films. Adv Mater 20:1706–1709.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200702602 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Çelik Y, Flahaut E, Suvacı E (2017) A comparative study on few-layer graphene production by exfoliation of different starting materials in a low boiling point solvent FlatChem 1:74–88.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flatc.2016.12.002
  8. Del Rio Castillo AE et al (2018) Exfoliation of few-layer black phosphorus in low-boiling-point solvents and its application in Li-ion batteries. Chem Mater 30:506–516.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04628 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dikin DA, Stankovich S, Zimney EJ, Piner RD, Dommett GHB, Evmenenko G, Nguyen SBT, Ruoff RS (2007) Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper. Nature 448:457–460.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Geim AK, Novoselov KS (2007) The rise of graphene nature materials 6 183-191  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849
  11. He W, Zhang W, Li Y, Jing X (2012) A high concentration graphene dispersion stabilized by polyaniline nanofibers. Synth Met 162:1107–1113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2012.04.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jeong HK, Lee YP, Lahaye RJWE, Park MH, An KH, Kim IJ, Yang CW, Park CY, Ruoff RS, Lee YH (2008) Evidence of graphitic AB stacking order of graphite oxides. J Am Chem Soc 130:1362–1366.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ja076473o CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kirby B, Jr H (2004) Zeta potential of microfluidic substrates: 1. Theory, experimental techniques, and effects on separations. Electrophoresis 25:187–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li D, Kaner RB (2005) Processable stabilizer-free polyaniline nanofiber aqueous colloids Chemical communications:3286–3288.  https://doi.org/10.1039/b504020e
  15. Li D, Muller MB, Gilje S, Kaner RB, Wallace GG (2008) Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets. Nat Nanotechnol 3:101–105.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.451 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu W, Wang Q, Cao C, Han X, Zhang J, Xie X, Xia B (2015) Spray drying of spherical Li4Ti5O12/C powders using polyvinyl pyrrolidone as binder and carbon source. J Alloys Compd 621:162–169.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.09.121 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McCann E (2012) Electronic properties of monolayer and bilayer Graphene Nanoelectronics 2:237–275.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22984-8__8
  18. Meyer JC, Geim AK, Katsnelson MI, Novoselov KS, Obergfell D, Roth S, Girit C, Zettl A (2007) On the roughness of single- and bi-layer graphene membranes. Solid State Commun 143:101–109.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2007.02.047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Novoselov KS, Jiang D, Schedin F, Booth TJ, Khotkevich VV, Morozov SV, Geim AK (2005) Two-dimensional atomic crystals. Proc Natl Acad Sci 102:10451–10453.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. O’Neill A, Khan U, Nirmalraj PN, Boland J, Coleman JN (2011) Graphene Dispersion and Exfoliation in Low Boiling Point Solvents The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115:5422–5428.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp110942e
  21. Salavagione HJ, Sherwood J, De bruyn M, Budarin VL, Ellis GJ, Clark JH, Shuttleworth PS (2017) Identification of high performance solvents for the sustainable processing of graphene. Green Chem 19:2550–2560.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c7gc00112f CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schniepp HC, Li JL, McAllister MJ, Sai H, Herrera-Alonso M, Adamson DH, Prud'homme RK, Car R, Saville DA, Aksay IA (2006) Functionalized single graphene sheets derived from splitting graphite oxide. J Phys Chem B 110:8535–8539.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp060936f CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Srinivas G, Zhu Y, Piner R, Skipper N, Ellerby M, Ruoff R (2010) Synthesis of graphene-like nanosheets and their hydrogen adsorption capacity. Carbon 48:630–635.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2009.10.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stankovich S, Dikin DA, Piner RD, Kohlhaas KA, Kleinhammes A, Jia Y, Wu Y, Nguyen SBT, Ruoff RS (2007) Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide. Carbon 45:1558–1565.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tang L-C, Wan YJ, Yan D, Pei YB, Zhao L, Li YB, Wu LB, Jiang JX, Lai GQ (2013) The effect of graphene dispersion on the mechanical properties of graphene/epoxy composites. Carbon 60:16–27.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2013.03.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang H, Qiao X, Chen J, Wang X, Ding S (2005) Mechanisms of PVP in the preparation of silver nanoparticles. Mater Chem Phys 94:449–453.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.05.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wei X, Li D, Jiang W, Gu Z, Wang X, Zhang Z, Sun Z (2015) 3D printable graphene composite. Sci Rep 5:11181.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11181 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zabel J, Nair RR, Ott A, Georgiou T, Geim AK, Novoselov KS, Casiraghi C (2012) Raman spectroscopy of graphene and bilayer under biaxial strain: bubbles and balloons. Nano Lett 12:617–621.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203359n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhang W, He W, Jing X (2010) Preparation of a Stable Graphene Dispersion with High Concentration by Ultrasound The journal of physical chemistry B 114:10368–10373.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1037443
  30. Zhang X, Coleman AC, Katsonis N, Browne WR, van Wees BJ, Feringa BL (2010) Dispersion of graphene in ethanol using a simple solvent exchange method. Chem Commun 46:7539–7541.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c0cc02688c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhu Y, Murali S, Cai W, Li X, Suk JW, Potts JR, Ruoff RS (2010) Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications. Adv Mater 22:3906–3924.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201001068 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics & Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of CeramicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Structural Ceramics and Composites Engineering Research Center, Shanghai Institute of CeramicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Analysis and Testing CenterDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations