Terahertz-based nanometrology: multispectral imaging of nanoparticles and nanoclusters in suspensions

  • Anis RahmanEmail author
  • Donald A. Tomalia
Research Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Unifying Concepts for Nanoscience and Nanosystems: 20th Anniversary Issue


Silica nanoparticles suspended in an organic solvent (nanosuspension) have been imaged and characterized via terahertz nanoscanning reconstructive three-dimension (3D) imaging technique. The size of individual silica nanoparticles in the suspension was quantified. In addition, the presence of nanoclusters along with their distribution in the suspension was visualized in 3D. It has also been qualitatively demonstrated that the volume fraction of solvent is significantly higher than that of the silica nanoparticles; an observation consistent with the composition of the nanosuspension in the present investigation. The measured size range of individual nanoparticles was found to be 10–12 nm, while the manufacturer’s specification indicates a nanoparticle size distribution in the range of 10 to 15 nm. However, a typical nanocluster size was determined to be 17.5 nm, thus indicating the presence of nanoparticles less than 10 nm. The nanometrology instrument used in this investigation was based on a dendrimer dipole excitation-based continuous wave terahertz source generating > 200 mW stable terahertz power.


Terahertz multispectral reconstructive imaging Nanoslurry Silica nanoparticles Nanoclusters Nanosuspension Nanoscale instrumentation 


Compliance with ethical standards

This research has been conducted at Applied Research and Photonics, Harrisburg, PA by the initiatives of Dr. Anis Rahman and in consultation with Dr. Donald Tomalia.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Research & PhotonicsHarrisburgUSA
  2. 2.NanoSynthons LLCMt. PleasantUSA
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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