Triblock copolymer-mediated synthesis of catalytically active gold nanostructures

  • Douglas C. Santos
  • Viviane C. de Souza
  • Diego A. Vasconcelos
  • George R. S. Andrade
  • Iara F. Gimenez
  • Zaine Teixeira
Research Paper
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

The design of nanostructures based on poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) and metal nanoparticles is becoming an important research topic due to their multiple functionalities in different fields, including nanomedicine and catalysis. In this work, water-soluble gold nanoparticles have been prepared through a green aqueous synthesis method using Pluronic F127 as both reducing and stabilizing agents. The size dependence (varying from 2 to 70 nm) and stability of gold nanoparticles were systematically studied by varying some parameters of synthesis, which were the polymer concentration, temperature, and exposure to UV-A light, being monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy and TEM. Also, an elaborated study regarding to the kinetic of formation (nucleation and growth) was presented. Finally, the as-prepared Pluronic-capped gold nanoparticles have shown excellent catalytic activity towards the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol with sodium borohydride, in which a higher catalytic performance was exhibited when compared with gold nanoparticles prepared by classical reduction method using sodium citrate.

Graphical abstract

Synthesis of catalytically active gold nanostructures mediated by a pluronic triblock copolymer

Keywords

Plasmonic nanoparticles Pluronic Catalysis Reactive surface 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Abdullin TI, Bondar OV, Shtyrlin YG, Kahraman M, Culha M (2010) Pluronic block copolymer-mediated interactions of organic compounds with noble metal nanoparticles for SERS analysis. Langmuir 26:5153–5159.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la9036309 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alexandridis P, Tsianou M (2011) Block copolymer-directed metal nanoparticle morphogenesis and organization. Eur Polym J 47:569–583.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2010.10.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andrade GRS, Nascimento CC, Silva Júnior EC, Mendes DTSL, Gimenez IF (2017) ZnO/Au nanocatalysts for enhanced decolorization of an azo dye under solar, UV-A and dark conditions. J Alloys Compd 710:557–566.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.03.295 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ansar SM, Kitchens CL (2016) Impact of gold nanoparticle stabilizing ligands on the colloidal catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. ACS Catal 6:5553–5560.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.6b00635 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bastús NG, Comenge J, Puntes V (2011) Kinetically controlled seeded growth synthesis of citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles of up to 200 nm: size focusing versus Ostwald ripening. Langmuir 27:11098–11105.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la201938u CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bingwa N, Patala R, Noh J-H, Ndolomingo MJ, Tetyana S, Bewana S, Meijboom R (2017) Synergistic effects of gold–palladium nanoalloys and reducible supports on the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Langmuir 33:7086–7095.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b00903 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chanana M, Liz-Marzán LM (2012) Coating matters: the influence of coating materials on the optical properties of gold nanoparticles. Nanophotonics 1:199–220.  https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2012-0008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Choi SH, Lee J-H, Choi S-M, Park TG (2006) Thermally reversible pluronic/heparin nanocapsules exhibiting 1000-fold volume transition. Langmuir 22(4):1758–1762.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la052549n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ciganda R, Li N, Deraedt C, Gatard S, Zhao P, Salmon L, Hernández R, Ruiz J, Astruc D (2014) Gold nanoparticles as electron reservoir redox catalysts for 4-nitrophenol reduction: a strong stereoelectronic ligand influence. Chem Commun 50:10126–10129.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CC04454A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Feitosa E, Winnik FM (2010) Interaction between Pluronic F127 and dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) vesicles studied by differential scanning calorimetry. Langmuir 26:17852–17857.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la102603a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. García-Calvo J, García-Calvo V, Vallejos S, García FC, Avella M, García JM, Torroba T (2016) Surface coating by gold nanoparticles on functional polymers: on-demand portable catalysts for Suzuki reactions. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:24999–25004.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b07746 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gu S, Wunder S, Lu Y, Ballauff M, Fenger R, Rademann K, Jaquet B, Zaccone A (2014) Kinetic analysis of the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol by metallic nanoparticles. J Phys Chem C 118:18618–18625.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp5060606 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Holden MS, Nick KE, Hall M, Milligan JR, Chen Q, Perry CC (2014) Synthesis and catalytic activity of Pluronic stabilized silver-gold bimetallic nanoparticles. RSC Adv 4:52279–52288.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4RA07581A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kaboudin B, Khanmohammadi H, Kazemi F (2017) Polymer supported gold nanoparticles: synthesis and characterization of functionalized polystyrene-supported gold nanoparticles and their application in catalytic oxidation of alcohols in water. Appl Surf Sci 425:400–406.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.07.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Khawam A, Flanagan DR (2006) Solid-state kinetic models: basics and mathematical fundamentals. J Phys Chem B 110:17315–17328.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp062746a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kimling J, Maier M, Okenve B, Kotaidis V, Ballot H, Plech A (2006) Turkevich method for gold nanoparticle synthesis revisited. J Phys Chem B 110:15700–15707.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp061667w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu K, Han L, Zhuang J, Yang D-P (2017) Protein-directed gold nanoparticles with excellent catalytic activity for 4-nitrophenol reduction. Mater Sci Eng C 78:429–434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2017.04.052 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nigra MM, Ha J-M, Katz A (2013) Identification of site requirements for reduction of 4-nitrophenol using gold nanoparticle catalysts. Catal Sci Technol 3:2976–2983.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3CY00298E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Patakfalvi R, Papp S, Dékány I (2007) The kinetics of homogeneous nucleation of silver nanoparticles stabilized by polymers. J Nanopart Res 9:353–364.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-006-9139-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rahme K, Oberdisse J, Schweins R, Gaillard C, Marty JD, Mingotaud C, Gauffre F (2008) Pluronics-stabilized gold nanoparticles: investigation of the structure of the polymer–particle hybrid. ChemPhysChem 9:2230–2236.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cphc.200800358 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rezende TS, Andrade GRS, Barreto LS, Costa NB Jr, Gimenez IF, Almeida LE (2010) Facile preparation of catalytically active gold nanoparticles on a thiolated chitosan. Mater Lett 64:882–884.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2010.01.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rodríguez-Fernández J, Pérez-Juste J, García de Abajo FJ, Liz-Marzán LM (2006) Seeded growth of submicron au colloids with quadrupole plasmon resonance modes. Langmuir 22:7007–7010.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la060990n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sakai T, Horiuchi Y, Alexandridis P, Okada T, Mishima S (2013) Block copolymer-mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solutions: segment effect on gold ion reduction, stabilization, and particle morphology. J Colloid Interface Sci 394:124–131.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2012.12.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Scarabelli L, Sánchez-Iglesias A, Pérez-Juste J, Liz-Marzán LM (2015) A “tips and tricks” practical guide to the synthesis of gold nanorods. J Phys Chem Lett 6:4270–4279.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b02123 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shou Q, Guo C, Yang L, Jia L, Liu C, Liu H (2011) Effect of pH on the single-step synthesis of gold nanoparticles using PEO–PPO–PEO triblock copolymers in aqueous media. J Colloid Interface Sci 363:481–489.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.07.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Simon T, Potara M, Gabudean A-M, Licarete E, Banciu M, Astilean S (2015) Designing theranostic agents based on Pluronic stabilized gold nanoaggregates loaded with methylene blue for multimodal cell imaging and enhanced photodynamic therapy. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:16191–16201.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b04734 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stein B, Zopes D, Schmudde M, Schneider R, Mohsen A, Goroncy C, Mathur S, Graf C (2015) Kinetics of aggregation and growth processes of PEG-stabilised mono- and multivalent gold nanoparticles in highly concentrated halide solutions. Faraday Discuss 181:85–102.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5FD00024F CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun C, Gao L, Wang D, Zhang M, Liu Y, Geng Z, Xu W, Liu F, Bian H (2016) Biocompatible polypyrrole-block copolymer-gold nanoparticles platform for determination of inosine monophosphate with bi-enzyme biosensor. Sensors Actuators B Chem 230:521–527.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2016.02.111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Toor A, So H, Pisano AP (2017) Improved dielectric properties of polyvinylidene fluoride nanocomposite embedded with poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-coated gold nanoparticles. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:6369–6375.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b13900 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Turkevich J, Stevenson PC, Hillier J (1951) A study of the nucleation and growth processes in the synthesis of colloidal gold. Discuss Faraday Soc 11:55–75.  https://doi.org/10.1039/DF9511100055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang X, Kawanami H, Islam NM, Chattergee M, Yokoyama T, Ikushima Y (2008) Amphiphilic block copolymer-stabilized gold nanoparticles for aerobic oxidation of alcohols in aqueous solution. Chem Commun 0:4442–4444.  https://doi.org/10.1039/B808201D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang M, zhu J, Xue Y, Cui Z, Zhao M (2017) Size-dependent surface thermodynamic properties of silver oxide nanoparticles studied by electrochemical method. J Mater Sci 52(2):1039–1046.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0399-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wu W, Fang Y, Zhu C, Chen S, Li T, Wu L, Bao N, Liu Y, Gu H (2017) Fabrication of highly stable and sensitive electrochemical sensor from hemoglobin–Au nanocomposites and its analytical applications. RSC Adv 7:42884–42890.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA05808J CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yahyaei B, Azizian S (2013) Rapid photogeneration of silver nanoparticles in ethanolic solution: a kinetic study. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 101:343–348.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2012.09.093 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang R-C, Sun D, Zhang R et al (2017a) Gold nanoparticle-polymer nanocomposites synthesized by room temperature atmospheric pressure plasma and their potential for fuel cell electrocatalytic application. Sci Rep 7:46682.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep46682
  36. Zhang X, Zhao X, Luckanagul JA, Yan J, Nie Y, Lee LA, Wang Q (2017b) Polymer–protein core–shell nanoparticles for enhanced antigen immunogenicity. ACS Macro Lett 6:442–446.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhao P, Li N, Astruc D (2013) State of the art in gold nanoparticle synthesis. Coord Chem Rev 257:638–665.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2012.09.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zheng B, Liu X, Wu Y, Yan L, du J, Dai J, Xiong Q, Guo Y, Xiao D (2017) Surfactant-free gold nanoparticles: rapid and green synthesis and their greatly improved catalytic activities for 4-nitrophenol reduction. Inorg Chem Front 4:1268–1272.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7QI00262A CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas C. Santos
    • 1
  • Viviane C. de Souza
    • 2
  • Diego A. Vasconcelos
    • 2
  • George R. S. Andrade
    • 1
  • Iara F. Gimenez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zaine Teixeira
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringFederal University of SergipeSão CristóvãoBrazil
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryFederal University of SergipeSão CristóvãoBrazil

Personalised recommendations