Tribological performance of nanoparticles as lubricating oil additives

  • M. GulzarEmail author
  • H. H. MasjukiEmail author
  • M. A. Kalam
  • M. Varman
  • N. W. M. Zulkifli
  • R. A. Mufti
  • Rehan Zahid


The prospect of modern tribology has been expanded with the advent of nanomaterial-based lubrication systems, whose development was facilitated by the nanotechnology in recent years. In literature, a variety of nanoparticles have been used as lubricant additives with potentially interesting friction and wear properties. To date, although there has been a great deal of experimental research on nanoparticles as lubricating oil additives, many aspects of their tribological behavior are yet to be fully understood. With growing number of possibilities, the key question is: what types of nanoparticles act as a better lubricating oil additive and why? To answer this question, this paper reviews main types of nanoparticles that have been used as lubricants additives and outlines the mechanisms by which they are currently believed to function. Significant aspects of their tribological behavior such as dispersion stability and morphology are also highlighted.


Nanolubricant Nanoparticles Tribological performance Dispersion stability Lubrication mechanisms Tribo-testing 



The authors would like to thank the University of Malaya, which made this study possible through the high impact research, Project title: “Development of Alternative and Renewable Energy Carrier” UM.C/HIR/MOHE/ENG/60 and Grand Challenge (GC) No: GC001-14AET.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gulzar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. H. Masjuki
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. A. Kalam
    • 1
  • M. Varman
    • 1
  • N. W. M. Zulkifli
    • 1
  • R. A. Mufti
    • 2
  • Rehan Zahid
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Centre for Energy SciencesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)IslamabadPakistan

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