Alternating voltage-induced electrochemical synthesis of colloidal Au nanoicosahedra

Research Paper

Abstract

A simple method of alternating voltage-induced electrochemical synthesis has been developed to synthesize highly dispersed colloidal Au nanoicosahedra of 14 ± 3 nm in size. This simple and effective method uses a common transformer to apply a zero-offset alternating voltage to a pair of identical Au electrodes that are immersed in an electrolyte solution containing ligands. The obtained Au nanoicosahedra in this work are among the smallest Au icosahedra synthesized in aqueous solutions. A series of experimental conditions have been studied, such as voltage, the electrolyte identity and concentration, stabilizer identity and concentration, and reaction temperature. The mechanistic study indicates that Au nanoicosahedra are produced on electrode surfaces through an intermediate state of AuOx. The kinetic rate constant of these Au icosahedra in catalyzing the reduction of 4-nitrophenol with sodium borohydride is found much larger than the literature values of similar Au nanocrystals. In addition, the synthesis of Au–Pd-alloyed NCs has also been attempted.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Colloidal nanocrystals Electrochemical synthesis Gold Icosahedra Minerals processing 

Supplementary material

11051_2013_2065_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1131 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin McCann
    • 1
  • Jacqueline E. Cloud
    • 1
  • Yongan Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and GeochemistryColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA

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