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Different preparation methods and characterization of magnetic maghemite coated with chitosan

Abstract

The preparation of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) micro- and nanoparticles coated with chitosan, used as carriers for immobilized enzymes, was investigated. γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were synthesized by coprecipitation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in the presence of ammonium. They were coated with chitosan by the microemulsion process, suspension cross-linking technique, and covalent binding of chitosan on the γ-Fe2O3 surface. The methods distinguished the concentration of chitosan, concentration of acetic acid solution, concentration of a cross-linking agent, temperature of synthesis, pH of the medium, and time of synthesis. γ-Fe2O3 micro- and nanoparticles coated with chitosan prepared after three preparation methods were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis, energy dispersive spectrometry, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry analysis, vibrating sample magnetometry, dynamic light scattering, laser diffraction granulometry, and X-ray diffractometry. These positive attributes demonstrated that these magnetic micro- and nanoparticles coated with chitosan may be used as a promising carrier for further diverse biomedical applications.

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Acknowledgments

This work was entirely supported by the Slovenian Research Agency (PhD researcher fellowship contract No. 1938/FKKT-2010) and financially supported through Project J2-4232.

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Correspondence to Maja Leitgeb.

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Hojnik Podrepšek, G., Knez, Ž. & Leitgeb, M. Different preparation methods and characterization of magnetic maghemite coated with chitosan. J Nanopart Res 15, 1751 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-013-1751-x

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Keywords

  • Magnetic micro- and nanoparticles
  • Maghemite
  • Chitosan
  • Microemulsion process
  • Suspension cross-linking technique
  • Covalent binding method