Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1501–1507 | Cite as

Comments on the effect of liquid layering on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids

  • Elham Doroodchi
  • Thomas Michael Evans
  • Behdad Moghtaderi
Brief Communication


This article provides critical examinations of two mathematical models that have been developed in recent years to describe the impact of nano-layering on the enhancement of the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. Discrepancy between the two models is found to be an artefact of an incorrect derivation used in one of the models. With correct formulation, both models predict effective thermal conductivity enhancements that are not significantly greater than those predicted by classical Maxwell theory. This study indicates that nano-layering by itself is unable to account for the effective thermal conductivity enhancements observed in nanofluids.


Nanofluids Thermal conductivity Conductivity enhancement Fluid layering Nanoparticles Modeling and simulation 



Thermal conductivity


Nanoparticle radius


Radial position in spherical coordinates


Nanolayer thickness



\( \hat{Z} \)

Z-axis unit vector

Greek symbols


Polar angle in spherical coordinates


Azimuthal angle in spherical coordinates


Volume fraction







Base liquid


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elham Doroodchi
    • 1
  • Thomas Michael Evans
    • 2
  • Behdad Moghtaderi
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Particle Processing, Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built EnvironmentThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Energy, Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built EnvironmentThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

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