A scope freezing effect with negated quantifier phrases


I document a scope freezing effect found with negated quantifier phrases (distinct from the scope freezing effect discussed in Collins (Nat Lang Semant 24: 291–303, 2016a)). In a sentence with a negated quantifier phrase of the form [NEG DP1], no quantifier phrase DP2 can take scope between NEG and DP1. I show how this scope freezing effect can be explained in terms of the analysis of negated quantifier phrases given in Collins and Postal (Classical NEG raising, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2014) and Collins (2016a).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Alrenga, Peter, and Christopher Kennedy. 2014. No more shall we part: Quantifiers in English comparatives. Natural Language Semantics 22: 1–53.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Beghelli, Filippo, and Tim Stowell. 1997. Distributivity and negation: The syntax of each and every. In Ways of taking scope, ed. Anna Szabolsci, 71–107. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Collins, Chris. 2016a. Not even. Natural Language Semantics 24: 291–303.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Collins, Chris. 2016b. *NEG NEG. Ms., NYU.

  5. Collins, Chris. 2017. The distribution of negated quantifier phrases in English. Ms., NYU.

  6. Collins, Chris, and Paul Postal. 2014. Classical NEG raising. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Collins, Chris, and Edward Stabler. 2016. A formalization of minimalist syntax. Syntax 19: 43–78.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hackl, Martin. 2000. Comparative quantifiers. PhD dissertation, MIT.

  9. Heim, Irene. 2000. Degree operators and scope. In Proceedings of SALT 10, ed. Brendan Jackson and Tanya Matthews, 40–64. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Lasnik, Howard. 1972. Analyses of negation in English. PhD dissertation, MIT. Distributed by Indiana University Linguistics Club, 1976.

  11. Lechner, Winfried. 1998. Two kinds of reconstruction. Studia Linguistica 52: 276–310.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. May, Robert. 1977. Grammar of quantification. PhD dissertation, MIT.

  13. Partee, Barbara. 2004. Compositionality in formal semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Partee, Barbara and Mats Rooth. 1983. Generalized conjunction and type ambiguity. In Meaning, use and interpretation of language, ed. Rainer Bäuerle et al., 361–383. Berlin: de Gruyter. (Republished in Paul Portner and Barbara H. Partee (eds.), Formal semantics: the essential readings. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002).

  15. Penka, Doris. 2011. Negative indefinites. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Chris Collins.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Collins, C. A scope freezing effect with negated quantifier phrases. Nat Lang Semantics 25, 315–327 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11050-017-9137-8

Download citation


  • Scope freezing
  • Negation
  • Many
  • Split scope