Experimental investigations of ambiguity: the case of most

Abstract

In the study of natural language quantification, much recent attention has been devoted to the investigation of verification procedures associated with the proportional quantifier most. The aim of these studies is to go beyond the traditional characterization of the semantics of most, which is confined to explicating its truth-functional and presuppositional content as well as its combinatorial properties, as these aspects underdetermine the correct analysis of most. The present paper contributes to this effort by presenting new experimental evidence in support of a decompositional analysis of most according to which it is a superlative construction built from a gradable predicate many or much and the superlative operator -est (Hackl, in Nat Lang Semant 17:63–98, 2009). Our evidence comes in the form of verification profiles for sentences like Most of the dots are blue which, we argue, reflect the existence of a superlative reading of most. This notably contrasts with Lidz et al.’s (Nat Lang Semant 19:227–256, 2011) results. To reconcile the two sets of data, we argue, it is necessary to take important differences in task demands into account, which impose limits on the conclusions that can be drawn from these studies.

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Correspondence to Hadas Kotek.

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Kotek, H., Sudo, Y. & Hackl, M. Experimental investigations of ambiguity: the case of most . Nat Lang Semantics 23, 119–156 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11050-015-9113-0

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Keywords

  • Quantification
  • Superlatives
  • Experimental design
  • Language processing
  • Semantics–cognition interface
  • Most