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This paper was initially inspired by several long conversations with Tanya Reinhart in the fall of 2006, shortly before she suddenly and very sadly passed away. It is dedicated to her memory. I am also very grateful to the journal’s reviewers and to Jeroen Groenendijk, Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Danny Fox, Irene Heim, Kai von Fintel, Stuart Shieber, Anna Szabolcsi, Bart Geurts, Eric Reuland, Anna Chernilovskaya, Maria Aloni, Salvador Mascarenhas, Paul Dekker, and Edgar Andrade for detailed comments on earlier drafts of the paper, and to audiences of workshops and colloquia in Szklarska Poreba, Paris, Leiden, Nijmegen, Utrecht, Amsterdam, and at Harvard and MIT for useful feedback.
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