Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 637–684 | Cite as

Prosodic identity in copy epenthesis

Evidence for a correspondence-based approach
  • Juliet StantonEmail author
  • Sam ZukoffEmail author


This paper focuses on languages that exhibit processes of copy epenthesis, specifically those where the similarity between a copy vowel and its host extends to prosodic or suprasegmental resemblance. We argue that copy vowels and their hosts strive for identity in all prosodic properties, and show that this drive for prosodic identity can cause misapplication in the assignment of properties such as stress and length. To explain these effects, we argue that any successful analysis of copy epenthesis must involve a correspondence relation (following Kitto and de Lacy 1999). Our proposal successfully predicts the extant typology of prosodic identity effects in copy epenthesis; alternative analyses of copy epenthesis relying solely on featural spreading (e.g. Kawahara 2007) or gestural realignment (e.g. Hall 2003, 2006) do not naturally capture the effects discussed here.


Copy epenthesis Phonology Correspondence Misapplication Prosody 



Author’s names are in alphabetical order. We are grateful to Adam Albright, Donca Steriade, Eric Bakovic, Edward Flemming, Gunnar Ólafur Hansson, Bruce Hayes, Junko Ito, Michael Kenstowicz, Ezer Rasin, Nina Topintzi, Eva Zimmerman, and audiences at MIT, CLS 51, and 24mfm for helpful discussion. Earlier portions of this research have been published as Stanton and Zukoff (2016); comments from three NLLT reviewers (Paul de Lacy, Shigeto Kawahara, and one anonymous reviewer) and the associate editor (Rachel Walker) have helped shape the paper into its present form. All remaining mistakes are ours.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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