This article focuses on Hebrew adjectival passives, showing that, as was claimed for other languages, the class of adjectival passives in Hebrew is not homogenous, but rather consists of two sub-classes. Former attempts to capture the non-homogenous nature of the class of adjectival passives in different languages relied mainly on the existence versus absence of an event in their interpretation. In contrast, I argue that the criterion distinguishing the two sub-classes of adjectival passives in Hebrew is the presence versus absence of an implicit Agent or Cause argument. Thus, the split parallels a very well-known split in the verbal system—that between passive and unaccusative verbs. Once this parallelism between the adjectival and the verbal systems is recognized, it is possible to claim that the same valence-changing processes (namely, saturation and decausativization) are operative in both systems. This assumption can predict the syntactic and semantic behavior of the two sub-classes of adjectives, as well as their composition, without resorting to operations unique to adjectival passive formation.
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This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation, grant 44/05. I would like to thank Tal Siloni and Julia Horvath for extremely helpful discussions throughout all stages of work on this topic, and Irena Botwinik for insightful comments on several drafts of the paper. I wish to also thank three anonymous NLLT reviewers, as well as the audiences at the 22nd meeting of the Israeli Association for Theoretical Linguistics, the Department Seminar of the English and Linguistics Department of Ben-Gurion University, and the Tel-Aviv University Interdisciplinary Colloquium in Linguistics.
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Meltzer-Asscher, A. Adjectival passives in Hebrew: evidence for parallelism between the adjectival and verbal systems. Nat Lang Linguist Theory 29, 815–855 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-011-9138-0
- Adjectival passives
- Adjectival decausatives