The italian music superdiversity

Geography, emotion and language: one resource to find them, one resource to rule them all

Abstract

Globalization can lead to a growing standardization of musical contents. Using a cross-service multi-level dataset we investigate the actual Italian music scene. The investigation highlights the musical Italian superdiversity both individually analyzing the geographical and lexical dimensions and combining them. Using different kinds of features over the geographical dimension leads to two similar, comparable and coherent results, confirming the strong and essential correlation between melodies and lyrics. The profiles identified are markedly distinct one from another with respect to sentiment, lexicon, and melodic features. Through a novel application of a sentiment spreading algorithm and songs’ melodic features, we are able to highlight discriminant characteristics that violate the standard regional political boundaries, reconfiguring them following the actual musical communicative practices.

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Notes

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    The Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is a web server for works that require human intelligence. Developers can exploit the service to build human intelligence directly into their applications. https://www.mturk.com/.

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    Last.fm website: https://www.last.fm/

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    Discogs website: https://www.discogs.com/

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    AIDAinformazioni, Anno 34, numero 1-2, 2016: http://www.aidainformazioni.it/wp-content/archivio/anno34_n1_2_2016/perna%20et%20al.pdf

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    2007 Audio Music Mood Classification: http://www.music-ir.org/mirex/wiki/2007:Audio_Music_Mood_Classification

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    The service is now inactive, with the URL resulting in a 404 response.

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    The two version of the WDYL’s list can be public downloaded from https://www.freewebheaders.com/full-list-of-bad-words-banned-by-google/

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    Googletrans is a free and unlimited python library that implemented Google Translate API. For more details see http://py-googletrans.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

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    “Crooner” is an American term given to male singers of jazz standards, accompanied by either a full orchestra, a big band or a piano. The most famous America crooner is Frank Sinatra, despite the fact that he does not consider himself a crooner.

  12. 12.

    For example, the dictionary we obtained for Lazio for a selected run with best parameters (the same showed in Fig. 9a) is composed of 11,243 Italian lemmas, each labeled with a polarity score in the range [0,10].

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the European Community’s H2020 Program under the funding scheme “INFRAIA-1-2014-2015: Research Infrastructures” grant agreement, http://www.sobigdata.eu, GS501100001809, 654024 “SoBigData: Social Mining & Big Data Ecosystem”.

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Correspondence to Laura Pollacci.

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Pollacci, L., Guidotti, R., Rossetti, G. et al. The italian music superdiversity. Multimed Tools Appl 78, 3297–3319 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-018-6511-6

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Keywords

  • Music data analytics
  • Sentiment pattern discovery
  • Music sentiment analytics
  • Multi-source analytics
  • Music sentiment analysis
  • Superdiversity