Image authentication using distributed arithmetic coding (DAC) is studied in this paper. The quantized random projections of the original image are compressed by a DAC encoder and the codeword is taken as the authentication data. With the help of a target image as side information, the DAC decoder could recover the projections. The authentication process is achieved by examining the Euclidean distance between the reconstructed projections and the side information. Compared with existing approaches, the proposed approach has a simpler structure without the help of an additional cryptographic hash function to verify the decoding result. Moreover, the authentication data is more compact with fewer size. Simulation results justify that the proposed approach achieves a comparable performance as existing schemes.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Choi K-C, Pun C-M (2016) Robust lossless digital watermarking using integer transform with Bit plane manipulation. Multimed Tool Appl 75(11):6621–6645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-015-2596-3
Computer Vision Group, University of Granada, Test images: Miscelaneous gray level images (512512). http://decsai.ugr.es/cvg/dbimagenes/g512.php
Cover TM, Thomas JA (2006) Elements of information theory (Wiley Series in Telecommunications and Signal Processing) Wiley-Interscience
Davarzani R, Mozaffari S, Yaghmaie K (2016) Perceptual image hashing using center-symmetric local binary patterns. Multimed Tool Appl 75(8):4639–4667
Fridrich J (2009) Digital image forensics. IEEE Signal Proc Mag 26(2):26–37
Girod B, Margot A, Rane S, Rebollo-Monedero D (2005) Distributed video coding. Proc IEEE 93(1):71–83
Grangetto M, Magli E, Tron R, Olmo G (2008) Rate-compatible distributed arithmetic coding. IEEE Commun Lett 12(8):575–577
Grangetto M, Magli E, Olmo G (2009) Distributed arithmetic coding for the slepian-Wolf problem. IEEE Trans Signal Process 57(6):2245–2257
Hagag A, Fan X, Abd El-Samie FE (2016) Hyperspectral image coding and transmission scheme based on wavelet transform and distributed source coding. Multimed Tool Appl. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-016-4158-8
Jia Y, Wang Y, Song R, Li J (2015) Decoder side information generation techniques in Wyner-Ziv video coding: a review. Multimed Tool Appl 74(6):1777–1803
Kang LW, Lu CS, Hsu CY (2009) Compressive sensing-based image hashing. In: IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp 1277–1280
Keshtkarjahromi Y, Valipour M, Lahouti F (2014) Multi-level distributed arithmetic coding with nested lattice quantization. In: Data Compression Conference, pp 382–391
Koblitz N (1987) Elliptic curve cryptosystems. Math Comput 48(177):203–209
Lin Y-C, Varodayan D, Girod B (2012) Image authentication using distributed source coding. IEEE Trans Image Process 21(1):273–283
Liu H, Xiao D, Xiao Y, Zhang Y (2016) Robust image hashing with tampering recovery capability via low-rank and sparse representation. Multimed Tool Appl 75(13):7681–7696
Luo W, Huang J, Qiu G (2010) JPEG Error analysis and its applications to digital image forensics. IEEE Trans Inf Forensics Secur 5(3):480–491
Maeno K, Sun Q, Shih-Fu C, Suto M (2006) New semi-fragile image authentication watermarking techniques using random bias and nonuniform quantization. IEEE Trans Multimedia 8(1):32–45
Ramalho M, Correia P, Soares LD (2011) Distributed source coding for securing a hand-based biometric recognition system. In: 18th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp 1825–1828
Ramalho M, Singh S, Correia P, Soares LD (2012) Distributed source coding: application in biometrics. In: Proceedings of the 20th European Signal Processing Conference, pp 554–558
Rivest RL, Shamir A, Adleman L (1978) A method for obtaining digital signatures and public-key cryptosystems. Commun ACM 21(2):120–126
Slepian D, Wolf JK (1973) Noiseless coding of correlated information sources. IEEE Trans Inf Theory 19(4):471–480
Sutcu Y, Rane S, Yedidia JS, Draper SC, Vetro A (2008) Feature extraction for a Slepian-Wolf biometric system using LDPC codes. In: IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp 2297–2301
Swaminathan A, Mao YN, Wu M (2006) Robust and secure image hashing. IEEE Trans Inf Forensics Secur 1(2):215–230
Tagliasacchi M, Valenzise G, Tubaro S (2009) Hash-based identification of sparse image tampering. IEEE Trans Image Process 18(11):2491–2504
Varodayan D, Lin YC, Girod B (2012) Adaptive distributed source coding. IEEE Trans Image Process 21(5):2630–2640
Venkatesan R, Koon SM, Jakubowski MH, Moulin P (2000) Robust image hashing. In: International Conference on Image Processing, pp 664–666
Xiao D, Deng M, Zhu X (2015) A reversible image authentication scheme based on compressive sensing. Multimed Tool Appl 74(18):7729–7752
Yang Y, Zhou J, Duan F, Liu F, Cheng L-M (2016) Wave atom transform based image hashing using distributed source coding. J Inf Secur Appl 31:75–82
Yang H, Qing L, He X, Ou X, Liu X (2017) Robust distributed video coding for wireless multimedia sensor networks. Multimed Tool Appl. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-016-4245-x
Zhao Y, Wang S, Zhang X, Yao H (2013) Robust hashing for image authentication using Zernike moments and local features. IEEE Trans Inf Forensics Secur 8(1):55–63
Zhou J, Wong K-W, Yang Y (2015) Distributed arithmetic coding with interval swapping. Signal Process 116:29–37
The work described in this paper was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61601337), by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (WUT: 2017IVB025), by the National High-tech R&D Program of China (863 Program) (Grant No.2015AA015403), by the Science & Technology Pillar Program of Hubei Province (Grant No. 2014BAA146), by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 175210005) and by the Key Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China (Grant Nos. 2015CFA059, 2015CFA069).
About this article
Cite this article
Zhou, J., Liu, F. & Cheng, L. Image authentication using distributed arithmetic coding. Multimed Tools Appl 77, 15505–15520 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-017-5130-y
- Distributed arithmetic coding
- Image authentication
- Distributed source coding