Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 74, Issue 17, pp 6769–6795

Histogram equalization of contextual statistics of speech features for robust speech recognition


DOI: 10.1007/s11042-014-1929-y

Cite this article as:
Hsieh, HJ., Chen, B. & Hung, J. Multimed Tools Appl (2015) 74: 6769. doi:10.1007/s11042-014-1929-y


In the recent past, we have witnessed a flurry of research activity aimed at the development of novel and ingenious robustness methods for automatic speech recognition (ASR). Among them, histogram equalization (HEQ) of speech features constitutes one most prominent and successful line of research due to its inherent neat formulation and remarkable performance. In this paper, we adopt an effective modeling framework for joint equalization of spatial-temporal contextual statistics of speech features. On top of that, we explore various combinations of simple differencing and averaging operations to render the contextual relationships of feature vector components, not only between different dimensions but also between consecutive speech frames, in the HEQ process. Furthermore, several variants of HEQ are investigated and integrated into the proposed modeling framework to efficiently compensate for the effects of noise interference on the feature vector components. In addition, the utilities of the methods deduced from this framework and several existing robustness methods are analyzed and compared extensively. All experiments were carried out on the Aurora-2 database and task, and were further verified on the Aurora-4 database and task. Empirical experimental results suggest that our proposed methods can offer substantial improvements over the baseline system and achieve performance competitive to or better than some of the existing noise robustness methods in speech recognition.


Automatic speech recognition Noise robustness Histogram equalization Feature contextual statistics 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & Information EngineeringNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringNational Chi Nan UniversityNantouTaiwan

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