Skip to main content

Simulation of Grain Growth in Aluminum Alloys under Selective Laser Melting

A computer model for simulating the processes of crystallization of multicomponent aluminum-base alloys under laser treatment is developed. Crystallization of an alloy is simulated at various parameters, i.e., sizes of the construction zone, number of acts of nucleation and growth of grains, and maximum total number of acts in the system. The model exhibits good reproducibility of results and makes it possible to determine such structural parameters as the mean grain size, the form factor, and the proportion of recrystallized volume in the crystallization process. The model may be used for designing recrystallization under the conditions of presence of an epitaxial layer (substrate), which permits estimation of the effect of crystallization parameters on formation of a zone of columnar crystals in the structure and optimization of these parameters.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.


  1. A. B. Spierings, K. Dawson, T. Heeling, et al., “Microstructural features of Sc- and Zr-modified Al – Mg alloys processed by selective laser melting,” Mater. Des., 115, 52 – 63 (2017).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. D. R. Manca, A. Yu. Churyumov, A. V. Pozdniakov, et al., “Novel heat-resistant Al – Si – Ni – Fe alloy manufactured by selective laser melting,” Mater. Lett., 236, 676 – 679 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Yu. Yu. Kaplanskii, E. A. Levashov, A. V. Korotitskiy, et al., “Influence of aging and HIP treatment on the structure and properties of NiAl-based turbine blades manufactured by laser powder bed fusion,” Addit. Manuf., 31(100999) (2020).

  4. A. M. Khalil, I. S. Loginova, and A. N. Solonin, “Effect of laser melting process on a modified AA705 alloy with Ti – B – Zr modifiers,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform. (2021);

  5. Zh. A. Sentyurina, F. A. Baskov, P. A. Loginov, et al., “The effect of hot isostatic pressing and heat treatment on the microstructure and properties of EP741 nickel alloy manufactured by laser powder bed fusion,” Addit. Manuf., 37(101629) (2021).

  6. D. R. Manca, A. Yu. Churyumiv, A. V. Pozdniakov, et al., “Microstructure and properties of novel heat resistant Al – Ce – Cu alloy for additive manufacturing,” Met. Mater. Int., 25, 633 – 640 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. A. M. Khalil, I. S. Loginova, A. N. Solonin, and A. O. Mosleh, “Controlling liquation behavior and solidification cracks by continuous laser melting process of AA-7075 aluminum alloy, Mater. Lett., 227(128364) (2020).

  8. I. S. Loginova, M. Sazerat, P. A. Loginov, et al., “Evaluation of microstructure and hardness of novel Al – Fe – Ni alloys with high thermal stability for laser additive manufacturing,” J. Mater., 72, 3744 – 3752 (2020).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. N. T. Aboulkhair, M. Simonelli, L. Parry, et al., “3D printing of aluminum alloys: Additive manufacturing of aluminum alloys using selective laser melting,” Prog. Mater. Sci., 106(100578) (2019).

  10. H. R. Kotadi, G. Gibbons, A. Das, and P. D. Howes, “A review of laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing of aluminum alloys: Microstructure and properties additive manufacturing,” Addit. Manuf., 46(102155) (2021).

  11. T. Deb Roy, H. L. Wei, J. S. Zuback, et al., “Additive manufacturing of metallic components – process, structure and properties,” Prog. Mater. Sci., 92(112224) (2018).

  12. D. Herzog, V. Seyda, E. Wycisk, and C. Emmelmann, “Additive manufacturing of metals,” Acta Mater., 117, 371 – 392 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. W. J. Sames, F. A. List, S. Pannala, et al., “The metallurgy and processing science of metal additive manufacturing,” Int. Mater. Rev., 61, 315 – 260 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. P. Ansari and M. U. Salamci, “On the selective laser melting based additive manufacturing of AlSi10Mg: The process parameter investigation through multiphysics simulation and experimental validation,” J. Alloys Compd., 890(161873) (2022).

  15. W. Ye, Sh. Zhang, L. L. Mendez, et al., “Numerical simulation of the melting and alloying process of elemental titanium and boron powders using selective laser alloying,” J. Manuf. Process., 64, 1235 – 1247 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. X. Ao, H. Xia, J. Liu, and Q. He, “Simulations of microstructure coupling with moving molten pool by selective laser melting using a cellular automaton,” Mater. Des., 185(108230) (2020).

Download references

The work has been performed with financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No. 19-38-60037 “Perspective”).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. S. Loginova.

Additional information

Translated from Metallovedenie i Termicheskaya Obrabotka Metallov, No. 8, pp. 54 – 57, August, 2022.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Loginova, I.S., Popov, N.A. & Solonin, A.N. Simulation of Grain Growth in Aluminum Alloys under Selective Laser Melting. Met Sci Heat Treat 64, 474–477 (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words

  • aluminum alloys
  • crystallization
  • grain microstructure
  • simulation
  • selective laser melting