Metal Science and Heat Treatment

, Volume 58, Issue 1–2, pp 40–45 | Cite as

Gas-Phase Synthesis and Control of Structure and Thickness of Graphene Layers on Copper Substrates

  • A. I. Rudskoy
  • T. S. Kol’tsova
  • T. V. Larionova
  • A. N. Smirnov
  • E. S. Vasil’eva
  • A. G. Nasibulin

The process of formation of graphene layers on a copper substrate is studied as a function of the pressure in the growth chamber. It is shown that the graphene layers form by nucleation and growth of graphene nuclei that later combine into a continuous layer. Growth in the pressure is accompanied by thickening of the synthesized graphene, intensification of compressive stresses, and appearance of structure defects.

Key words

graphene gas-phase synthesis copper foil Raman scattering XPS 


The work has been performed with support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Project RFMEF158114X0006.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Rudskoy
    • 1
  • T. S. Kol’tsova
    • 1
  • T. V. Larionova
    • 1
  • A. N. Smirnov
    • 2
  • E. S. Vasil’eva
    • 3
  • A. G. Nasibulin
    • 3
  1. 1.Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Skolkovo Institute of Science and TechnologySkolkovoRussia

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