The effects of 2009 Leonid Meteor Shower upon the two VLF subionospheric transmitted signals and vertical electric potential gradient from the ground surface have been studied from Kolkata (Lat: 22.56°N, Long: 88.5°E) on November 17, 2009. The received signals showed their peak values when ZHR (Zenithal Hourly Rate) was highest. Some typical variations in the outcome of these measurements during the meteor showers will be presented in this paper.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
E.A. Bering III, A. Few, J.R. Benbrook, Phys. Today 51 (1998)
S.S. De, B.K. De, A. Guha, P.K. Mandal, Indian J. Radio Space Phys. 35 (2006)
S.S. De, B.K. De, S.K. Adhikari, S.K. Sarkar, R. Bera, A. Guha, P.K. Mandal, Indian J. Phys. 80 (2006)
S.S. De, B.K. De, B.K. Sarkar, B. Bandyopadhyay, D.K. Haldar, Suman Paul, S. Barui, Indian J. Radio Space Phys. 38 (2009)
G.J. Drobnock, WGN J. Int. Meteor. Organ. 30 (2002)
S. Garaj, D. Vinkovic, G. Zgrablic, D. Kovacic, S. Gradecak, N. Biliskov, N. Grbac, Z. Andreic, FIZIKA A 8 (2000)
P. Gural, P. Jenniskens, Earth Moon Planets 82-83 (2000)
P. Jenniskens, Meteor Showers and Their Parent Comets (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006). 790
P. Jenniskens, Astron. Astrophys. 287 (1994)
N. Kachakhidze, M. Kachakhidze, Z. Kachakhidze, G. Ramishvili, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 9 (2009)
P. Koten, J. Borovička, G.I. Kokhirova, Astron. Astrophysics. 528 (2011). doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201016212
K.J.W. Lynn, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 35 (1973)
E. Lyytinen, M. Nissinen. http://www.imo.net. (2009). Accessed 21 Dec 2010
D.W.R. Mckinley, Meteor Science and Engineering (Mcgraw Hill Book Co., London, 1961)
A.P. Nickolaenko, M. Hayakawa, I.G. Kudintseva, S.V. Myand, L.M. Rabinowicz, Geophys. Res. Lett. 26 (1999)
T. Ogawa, J. Geophys. Res. 90 (1985)
C. Price, M. Blum, Earth Moon and Planets 82-83 (2000)
C.J. Rodger, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 65 (2003)
M.J. Rycroft, C. Price, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 62 (2000)
N.R. Thomson, M.A. Clilverd, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 63 (2001)
R. Trautner, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, J. Zender, A. Knofel, ULF-VLF electric field measurements during the 2001 leonid storm, in Proceedings of asteroids, comets, meteors [acm 2002], Technical University, Berlin, Germany, 29 July–2 Aug 2002, pp. 161–164
The authors acknowledge with thanks the financial support from Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) through S K Mitra Centre for Research in Space Environment, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India for carrying out the study. The authors are also thankful to the respected reviewer for his critical comments and valuable suggestions that helped a lot to improve the revised version.
About this article
Cite this article
De, S.S., Bandyopadhyay, B., Barui, S. et al. Studies on the Effects of 2009 Leonid Meteor Shower on Subionospheric Transmitted VLF Signals and Vertical Electric Potential Gradient. Earth Moon Planets 108, 111–121 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-011-9386-3
- Leonid meteor shower
- Zenithal Hourly Rate
- VLF transmitted signals