Research on Parameters Estimation of Signals Based on Fractal-Box Dimension

  • Xiaojun Hao
  • Zhaoyue ZhangEmail author
  • Xiang Chen


Fractal theory is a new scientific method and theory that can describe the complexity and irregularity of nature. Aiming at the problem that the frequency modulation slope obtained by the traditional linear frequency modulation (LFM) signal parameter estimation algorithm has high complexity with poor real-time performance and small SNR adaptation range, the LFM signal frequency modulation slope estimation method based on the fractal-box dimension is proposed. The proposed method is utilized to evaluate the frequency modulation slope of the LFM signal, and the affect of signal amplitude and phase on the fractal-box dimension of the signal is taken into account. The estimation error at different SNRs is analyzed, and the relationship graph of the pulse width, FM bandwidth and fractal-box dimension is drawn. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method can accurately estimate the parameters of LFM signals under varying SNR environment. Compared with the traditional linear frequency modulation (LFM) signal parameter estimation algorithms, the anti-noise performance of the proposed algorithm is stronger, and the proposed algorithm is relatively simple and has good application value.


Chirp signal Parameter estimation Fractal-box dimension Frequency modulation slope 



The authors would like to thank State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronics and Information System Director Fund (CEMEE2019Z0105B).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronics and Information System (CEMEE)LuoyangChina
  2. 2.College of Air Traffic ManagementCivil Aviation University of ChinaTianjinChina

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