Mobile Networks and Applications

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 4–20 | Cite as

A Survey of Green Mobile Networks: Opportunities and Challenges

  • Xiaofei Wang
  • Athanasios V. Vasilakos
  • Min Chen
  • Yunhao Liu
  • Ted Taekyoung KwonEmail author


The explosive development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has significantly enlarged both the energy demands and the CO 2 emissions, and consequently contributes to make the energy crisis and global warming problems worse. However, as the main force of the ICT field, the mobile networks, are currently focusing on the capacity, variety and stability of the communication services, without paying too much severe concerns on the energy efficiency. The escalating energy costs and environmental concerns have already created an urgent need for more energy-efficient “green” wireless communications. In this paper, we survey and discuss various remarkable techniques toward green mobile networks to date, mainly targeting mobile cellular networks. We also summarize the current research projects related to green mobile networks, along with the taxonomy of energy-efficiency metrics. We finally discuss and elaborate future research opportunities and design challenges for green mobile networks.


mobile networks energy efficiency green technique 



This research was partly supported by NAP of Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science & Technology, and also supported by the KCC (Korea Communications Commission), Korea, under the R&D program supervised by the KCA (Korea Communications Agency) (KCA-2011-11-913-05-002). The ICT at Seoul National University provides research facilities for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaofei Wang
    • 1
  • Athanasios V. Vasilakos
    • 2
  • Min Chen
    • 1
  • Yunhao Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ted Taekyoung Kwon
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Computer and Telecomm. EngineeringUniversity of Western MacedoniaMacedoniaGreece
  3. 3.TNLIST and School of SoftwareTsinghua UniversityTsinghuaChina
  4. 4.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringHong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongHong Kong

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