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Strawberry crinkle (SCV) and Strawberry mottle (SMoV) viruses affect yield and physio-biochemical responses of three strawberry cultivars under different seasonal conditions



The current study was performed to evaluate the impact of Strawberry crinkle virus (SCV) and Strawberry mottle virus (SMoV) viruses, in single and mixed infections, on the yield and physio-biochemical traits of strawberry plants with different genetic backgrounds. Accordingly, the virus-free plantlets were produced via meristem culture and were then transplanted in a research field in different seasons.

Methods and results

The results indicated that genetic background clearly affects the responses of the strawberry plants to the viral infection. In addition, considering the effects of changing environmental factors, different seasons had significant influences on the strawberry responses to the virus infection. The results indicated that the components indicating destructive effects were significantly higher during the summer season. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction using viral specific primers revealed 345 and 461 bp fragments for SCV and SMoV viruses, respectively, where all plants were positive for studied viruses. The comparison between the influence of SCV and SMoV viruses on the host plants indicated that SCV caused more damaging effects on the strawberry fruit yield and physio-biochemical traits. Simultaneous infection with SCV and SMoV severely impacted the strawberry plants compared with the effect of each virus individually.


It is recommended to keep the temperature of the greenhouses producing strawberry at the cooler levels to prevent the spreading of the aphid-transmitted viruses.

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We thank Research Center of Strawberry Breeding and Improvement, University of Kurdistan, for excellent technical assistance.


This work was supported by the University of Kurdistan under Grant number GRC96-00228-2.

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Authors and Affiliations



In this experiment AAM designed and supervised experiment. YV and PS performed experiment and assembled data. Data analysis has been performed by ASM, NGZ and SGH. The draft manuscript has been written by AAM and MH.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ali Akbar Mozafari.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study.

Ethical approval

The experimental protocol in this study was established according to the ethical guidelines and were approved with the number 97004045-2-1on 17 January 2019 by the Plant Protection Care and Use Committee of the University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.

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Mozafari, A.A., vafaee, Y., Hajizadeh, M. et al. Strawberry crinkle (SCV) and Strawberry mottle (SMoV) viruses affect yield and physio-biochemical responses of three strawberry cultivars under different seasonal conditions. Mol Biol Rep (2022).

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  • Aphid-transmitted virus
  • Viral disease
  • Biplot
  • Meristem culture
  • Strawberry variety