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Ameliorative effect of Aloe gel against L-T4-induced hyperthyroidism via suppression of thyrotropin receptors, inflammation and oxidative stress

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Untreated hyperthyroidism may develop serious complications. This attempt was made to investigate the potential of Aloe vera gel in regulating experimentally induced hyperthyroidism in rats. Female Wistar rats were made hyperthyroid with L-thyroxine (L-T4) at 0.5 mg/kg/day, i.p. for 14 days and the effects of Aloe vera methanolic fraction (AVMF) (50 or 500 mg/kg/day, p.o.,) and a conventional antithyroid drug propylthiouracil (PTU) (10 mg/kg, i.p.) for 30 days were studied in those hyperthyroid rats. At the end, alterations in serum thyroid hormones and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH); hepatic 5′mono-deiodinase-1(5′D1) activity, oxidative stress markers and antioxidants; serum inflammatory cytokines and the expression of thyrotropin receptor in thyroid gland were evaluated in all experimental animals. Hyperthyroid condition was confirmed by an increase in thyroid hormone levels and hepatic 5′D-1 activity with a decrease in TSH. However, either AVMF or PTU treatment in hyperthyroid rats decreased the levels of thyroid hormones and 5′D1 activity. AVMF administration in T4-induced rats also decreased the oxidative stress markers such as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and lipid hydroperoxides and increased the antioxidant levels in liver tissues. Levels of liver marker enzymes, cytokines and different lipids were decreased in T4-induced AVMF treated rats. Further, a down regulation in the TSHR expression in thyroid was observed in AVMF or PTU treated groups. All these thyroid inhibiting effects were supported by an improvement in thyroid histology in hyperthyroid rats. It appears, about 15 compounds, as evidenced by LC–MS/MS study, mostly phenolics are involved in this anti-thyroid effects of the test compound.

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This investigation was supported by the grant received from Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, India,under Women Scientist scheme to Dr. S. Panda [REF: SR/WOS-A/LS-407].LC–ESI–MS study was made using the SAIF facilities from CDRI, Lucknow, India.

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Correspondence to Sunanda Panda.

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Panda, S., Sharma, R., Khan, A. et al. Ameliorative effect of Aloe gel against L-T4-induced hyperthyroidism via suppression of thyrotropin receptors, inflammation and oxidative stress. Mol Biol Rep 47, 2801–2810 (2020).

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