Characterization of xanthine dehydrogenase and aldehyde oxidase of Marsupenaeus japonicus and their response to microbial pathogen Original Article First Online: 16 May 2018 Received: 09 December 2017 Accepted: 28 March 2018 Abstract
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play key roles in many physiological processes. In particular, the sterilization mechanism of bacteria using ROS in macrophages is a very important function for biological defense. Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) and aldehyde oxidase (AOX), members of the molybdo-flavoenzyme subfamily, are known to generate ROS. Although these enzymes occur in many vertebrates, some insects, and plants, little research has been conducted on XDHs and AOXs in crustaceans. Here, we cloned the entire cDNA sequences of XDH (
MjXDH: 4328 bp) and AOX ( MjAOX: 4425 bp) from Marsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp) using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and random amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Quantitative real-time RT-PCR transcriptional analysis revealed that MjXDH mRNA is highly expressed in heart and stomach tissues, whereas MjAOX mRNA is highly expressed in the lymphoid organ and intestinal tissues. Furthermore, expression of MjAOX was determined to be up-regulated in the lymphoid organ in response to Vibrio penaeicida at 48 and 72 h after injection; in contrast, hydrogen peroxide (H 2O 2) concentrations increased significantly at 6, 12, 48, and 72 h after injection with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and at 72 h after injection with V. penaeicida. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to have identified and cloned XDH and AOX from a crustacean species. Keywords Cloning Molybdo-flavoenzymes Reactive oxygen species Shrimp immune genes Vibrio penaeicida White spot syndrome virus Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (
) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-018-4177-9 Notes Acknowledgements
This work was supported by JSPS-KAKENHI a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) 15K07555 and Grant- in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) 16K18747. We would like to thank Editage (
) for English language editing. http://www.editage.jp Compliance with ethical standards Conflict of interest
No potential conflict of interest are disclosed.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
The kuruma shrimp that our target species in this study is edible shrimp in Japan. So, this study is not applicable study in this item. However, before dissecting, the kuruma shrimp was immersed into the iced water for around 5 mm into fall into suspended animation.
We agree that the information in this study is disclosed.
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