Acute myeloid leukemia with translocation (1;21)
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Advancement in genetic and molecular biology techniques has greatly helped our understanding of various diseases, especially hematological disorders. We describe a case of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) that transformed into acute myeloid leukemia with a very rare and unusual genetic translocation of (1;21). There are only five reported cases of this translocation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome but none of them transformed from PMF. This case not only highlights the importance of rare genetic translocations but also provides the natural history of the disease and its poor prognosis. To the best of our knowledge our patient is the first reported case of AML transformed from PMF to have this unique translocation of (1;21).
KeywordsAcute myeloid leukemia Primary myelofibrosis Translocation (1;21) AML transformation
All authors have contributed significantly, and are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.
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Conflict of interest
All authors have no conflict of interest.
Formal consent was obtained from the Hospital ethical committee and the manuscript is in accordance with the recommendations of Institutional Review Board of St. John, Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, MI, USA. The manuscript complies with institutional, national, and international guidelines for using human subject/tissue.
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