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Enzymatic and biological characteristics of enolase in Brucella abortus A19

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Brucella abortus is the etiological agent of brucellosis, a disease causing human public health problems as well as major economic losses in domestic animal industries. In this study, the enolase gene of B. abortus A19 was cloned, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. Bacterial-expressed enolase protein (His-eno) was purified and its ability to catalyze the conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate (2-PGE) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) (hereon referred to as enolase activity) was analyzed. Michaelis constant (K m ) and maximum reaction velocity (V max ) of the reaction was determined to be 2.0 × 10−3 M and 178 μM l−1 min−1, respectively. Factors influencing the enolase activity of His-eno, such as pH, the presence of metal ions and temperature were investigated in vitro. The results showed that His-eno exhibited maximal enolase activity in pH 8.5 reaction buffer containing 10 mM MgSO4 at 37°C. In addition to studying the enzyme activity, binding assays were performed to provide insights into the function of His-eno on pathogenesis and immunity. His-eno exhibits fibronectin-binding ability in immunoblotting assay, suggesting that enolase may play a role in B. abortus colonization, persistence, and invasion of host tissue. Furthermore, Western blot demonstrated His-eno’s binding ability to 34 bovine B. abortus positive sera, suggesting that future studies may find enolase a useful as a diagnostic marker or a vaccine candidate for brucellosis.

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This work was supported by the fund of Chinese National Programs for Fundamental Research and Development (2010CB530202) and National Basic Fund for Research Institutes, which is supported by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (2010JB16). We also thank Ms. Siyu Ding from the University of Richmond for her helpful editing of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Shengqing Yu.

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Han, X., Ding, C., Chen, H. et al. Enzymatic and biological characteristics of enolase in Brucella abortus A19. Mol Biol Rep 39, 2705–2711 (2012).

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