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Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 38, Issue 8, pp 5065–5069 | Cite as

Common Familial Mediterranean Fever gene mutations in a Turkish cohort

  • Munis DundarEmail author
  • Elif Funda Emirogullari
  • Aslihan Kiraz
  • Serpil Taheri
  • Mevlut Baskol
Article

Abstract

Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder with the responsible gene of MEFV which primarily affects Jewish, Armenian, Turkish and Arab populations. The FMF gene (MEFV) has recently been cloned to chromosome 16p, which encodes pyrin. In the present study, we enrolled 2,067 unrelated patients with the suspicion of FMF in Middle Anatolia between the years 2006–2009 and identified the 12 MEFV mutations. DNA was amplified by PCR and subjected to reverse hybridization for the detection of MEFV gene mutations. Among the 2,067 patients, 866 (41.9%) were males and 1,201 (58.1%) were females. The mutations were homozygous in 176 (16.85%) patients, compound heterozygous in 314 (30.1%) patients, heterozygous in 546 (52.25%) patients and the other forms of mutations were found in 8 patients (0.76%). No mutation was detected in 1,023 (49.5%) patients. The most frequent mutations were M694V, M680I (G/C), E148Q and V726A. We could not find any significant differences between the two common mutations according to the gender. The high incidence of MEFV gene mutations in the Turkish population indicated that newborn screening may be discussed in the future. Because of the ethnic origin of Anatolia, larger serial analyses are necessary to investigate the rate and coexistence of these mutations.

Keywords

MEFV gene Familial Mediterranean Fever Genetic heterogeneity Pyrin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Gökmen Zararsiz for the statistical analysis of this study.

Disclosures

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Munis Dundar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elif Funda Emirogullari
    • 1
  • Aslihan Kiraz
    • 1
  • Serpil Taheri
    • 1
  • Mevlut Baskol
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medical GeneticsErciyes University Medicine Faculty KayseriKayseriTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineErciyes University Medicine Faculty KayseriKayseriTurkey

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