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Toward cis-regulation in soybean: a 3D genome scope

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In eukaryotic cells, 3D genome plays an important role in the regulation of gene spatiotemporal expression, which is essential for the biological and developmental processes in a life cycle. In the past decade, the development of high-throughput technologies greatly enhances our ability to map the 3D genome organization, identifies multiple 3D genome structures, and investigates the functional role of 3D genome organization in gene regulation, which facilitates our understandings of cis-regulatory landscape and biological development. Comparing with the comprehensive analyses of 3D genome in mammals and model plants, the progress in soybean is much less. Future development and application of tools to precisely manipulate 3D genome structure at different levels will significantly strengthen the functional genome study and molecular breeding in soybean. Here, we review the recent progresses in 3D genome study and discuss future directions, which may help to improve soybean 3D functional genome study and molecular breeding.

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This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2022YFD1201503, 2021YFD1201101-03), Taishan Scholars Program, and Xplorer Prize Award.

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Correspondence to Zhixi Tian.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Soybean Functional Genomics.

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Ni, L., Tian, Z. Toward cis-regulation in soybean: a 3D genome scope. Mol Breeding 43, 28 (2023).

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