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Genetic mapping and confirmation of quantitative trait loci for grain chalkiness in rice

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Abstract

Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait affecting rice grain quality and milled rice yield. In order to clarify the genetic basis of chalkiness, a recombinant inbred line population (RIL) derived from a cross between Beilu130 (a japonica cultivar with high chalkiness) and Jin23B (an indica cultivar with low chalkiness) was developed for quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping. A total of 10 QTLs for white belly rate (WBR) and white core rate (WCR) were detected on eight different chromosomes over 2 years. Two QTLs for WBR (qWBR2 and qWBR5) showed similar chromosomal locations with GW2 and qSW5/GW5, which have been cloned previously to control the grain width and should be the right candidate genes. Three novel minor QTLs controlling WCR, qWCR1, qWCR3, and qWCR4 were further validated in near isogenic F2 populations (NIL-F2) and explained 26.1, 18.3, and 21.1% of the phenotypic variation, respectively. These QTLs could be targets for map-based cloning of the candidate genes to elucidate the molecular mechanism of chalkiness and for marker-assisted selection (MAS) in rice grain quality improvement.

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Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by grants from the National Program on Research and Development of Transgenic Plants of China (2016ZX08009-003), the Ministry of Science and Technology (2016YFD0100500, 2014AA10A600), and the Foundation of the Ministry of Agriculture (CARS-01-03) in China.

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Correspondence to Yuqing He.

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Yun, P., Zhu, Y., Wu, B. et al. Genetic mapping and confirmation of quantitative trait loci for grain chalkiness in rice. Mol Breeding 36, 162 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-016-0600-x

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