Transcriptome analysis of barley identifies heat shock and HD-Zip I transcription factors up-regulated in response to multiple abiotic stresses
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Analyzing barley gene expression profiles in response to abiotic stress is critical to understanding how barley manages stress, and provides vital information to improve environmental stress tolerance for stable crop production. We developed an Agilent 60-mer oligo DNA microarray with 42,491 probe sets based on the sequences of 36,632 barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) full-length cDNA clones and conducted global expression profiling on barley seedlings subjected to desiccation, salt, cold and abscisic acid (ABA). We identified 281 genes that were differentially expressed in response to desiccation, salt, and cold stresses and ABA treatment. Among them, a class C heat shock transcription factor (HvHsfC1) and a homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-Zip) family I transcription factor (HvHox22) showed more than tenfold and fourfold higher expression, respectively, in response to the stimuli. Heat shock and HD-Zip transcription factors function as important regulators in stress responses in rice (Oryza sativa) and Arabidopsis thaliana; our results suggest these two transcription factors also play important roles in abiotic stress responses in barley. We mapped HvHox22 to the long arm of chromosome 2H and HvHsfC1 to the long arm of 4H, where drought resistance quantitative trait loci were previously detected. Our microarray data and identification of these stress response genes provide key information for dissection of the mechanism of abiotic stress tolerance in barley.
KeywordsBarley Full-length cDNA Transcriptome Stress response Drought tolerance Transcription factors
We thank Dr. Y. Nagamura and Dr. R. Motoyama (National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences) for technical help with microarray analysis. This research was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan (Integrated research project for plant, insect and animal using genome technology GD-1001, and Genomics for Agricultural Innovation, TRC and TRG-1008).
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