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Molecular Breeding

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 145–161 | Cite as

Marker-assisted wheat breeding: present status and future possibilities

  • P. K. Gupta
  • Peter Langridge
  • R. R. Mir
Article

Abstract

Wheat production and productivity in the past witnessed a remarkable growth. However, this growth rate could not be sustained during the last decade, causing concern among world wheat community. Marker-assisted selection (MAS), which is being practiced for improvement of a variety of traits in wheat around the world, may at least partly help in providing the desired solution. Marker-trait associations are now known for a number of simple, but difficult-to-score traits, so that MAS has been found useful for improvement of several of these important economic traits. Breeding strategies including marker-assisted backcrossing, forward breeding, MAS involving doubled haploid technology and F2 enrichment have been successfully utilized for this purpose. However, for improvement of complex polygenic traits, newer technologies based on high throughput genotyping associated with new marker systems (e.g., DArT and SNP), and new selection strategies such as AB-QTL, mapping-as-you-go, marker-assisted recurrent selection and genome-wide selection will have to be tried in future. The progress made in all these aspects of marker-assisted wheat breeding, and the limitations and future prospects of this emerging technology have been reviewed in this article.

Keywords

Bread wheat Marker-trait association Marker-assisted selection (MAS) Molecular breeding 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The Indian National Science Academy (INSA) awarded the position of INSA Honorary Scientist to P. K. G.; Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) awarded Senior Research Fellowship (SRF) to RRM; the Head of the Department, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, India provided the facilities.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Genetics & Plant BreedingChaudhary Charan Singh UniversityMeerutIndia
  2. 2.Australian Centre for Plant Functional GenomicsUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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