Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 691–705 | Cite as

Satisfaction and frustration of autonomy and relatedness needs: Associations with parenting dimensions and psychological functioning

  • Cristiano Inguglia
  • Francesca Liga
  • Alida Lo Coco
  • Pasquale Musso
  • Sonia Ingoglia
Original Paper


Framed from Basic Psychological Needs Theory (Ryan and Deci in American Psychologist 55:68–78; Ryan, Deci, American Psychologist 55:68–78, 2000) and Kağitçibaşi’s Autonomous-Related Self Theory (Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 36:1–20; Kağitçibaşi, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 36:1–20, 2005), the study examined the relationships of adolescents’ satisfaction and frustration of autonomy and relatedness, with (a) adolescents’ perception of mother’s and father’s psychological control and autonomy support, and (b) adolescents’ self-acceptance and anxiety. Participants were 556 adolescents (M = 17.25, SD = 0.92). Path analysis showed more significant associations of autonomy support with satisfaction/frustration of autonomy and relatedness than psychological control, reporting also some differences between parents. Moreover, both satisfaction and frustration of autonomy and relatedness were associated with adolescents’ self-acceptance and anxiety although in different ways. Our study provides further data, useful to understand how needs for autonomy and relatedness are associated with parenting dimensions and contribute to the adjustment of adolescents living in psychologically interdependent cultures, taking into account the role of each parent as well as the separate contribution of need satisfaction and need frustration.


Autonomy Relatedness Parenting Adolescence Basic Psychological Needs Theory 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, Pedagogiche e della FormazioneUniversità degli Studi di PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e SperimentaleUniversità degli Studi di MessinaMessinaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Lingue e Scienze dell’EducazioneUniversità della CalabriaRendeItaly

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