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Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 655–666 | Cite as

Individual-based relative deprivation (IRD) decreases prosocial behaviors

  • Hong ZhangEmail author
  • Man Liu
  • Yuan Tian
Original Paper

Abstract

Five studies investigated the relationship between individual-based relative deprivation (IRD) and prosocial behaviors. Study 1 found that income satisfaction, a concept closely related to IRD, was negatively associated with prosocial values across cultures. Study 2 found a negative association between IRD and prosocial aspirations among a sample of Chinese university students. Study 3 revealed a negative association between IRD and volunteer behaviors. In Studies 4 and 5, we found that laboratory-induced IRD decreased undergraduate students’ prosocial values and behaviors. Moreover, Study 5 also found that the tendency to prioritize self-interest over others’ mediated the effect of IRD on prosocial behaviors. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords

IRD Prosocial values Prosocial behaviors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research is supported by Grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China allocated to the first author (Grant No. 31400899).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This research is approved by the Institutional Review Board of Nanjing University.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, School of Social and Behavioral SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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