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Aspects of motivation: reflections on Roy Baumeister’s essay

Abstract

Reflecting on Roy Baumeister’s guidelines for a general theory of motivation, we relate his ideas to our own perspectives and interests. In those terms we consider, among others, the role of motivation in cognitive processes, the emergence of motives from basic needs, the mental representation of motives in memory, and the issue of free will. Roy’s paper compellingly demonstrates the indispensability of motivation to psychological phenomena writ large, and it aptly identifies critical junctures where further motivational research is needed.

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Acknowledgments

Katarzyna Jasko’s work on this project was supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (the Mobility Plus project 1115/MOB/13/2014/0).

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Correspondence to Marina Chernikova.

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Arie Kruglanski, Marina Chernikova, and Katarzyna Jasko declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Kruglanski, A.W., Chernikova, M. & Jasko, K. Aspects of motivation: reflections on Roy Baumeister’s essay. Motiv Emot 40, 11–15 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9534-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9534-6

Keywords

  • Motivation
  • Cognition
  • Evolution
  • Basic needs
  • Free will