Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 908–925 | Cite as

In-lecture learning motivation predicts students’ motivation, intention, and behaviour for after-lecture learning: Examining the trans-contextual model across universities from UK, China, and Pakistan

  • Derwin King Chung Chan
  • Sophie Xin Yang
  • Takeshi Hamamura
  • Sarwat Sultan
  • Suxuan Xing
  • Nikos L. D. Chatzisarantis
  • Martin S. Hagger
Original Paper


This paper presents a cross-cultural examination of the trans-contextual model in University education setting. The purpose of the study was to test the effect of students’ perceived autonomy support and in-lecture learning motivation on motivation, intention, and behaviour with respect to after-lecture learning via the mediation of the social cognitive variables: attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control. University students from UK, China, and Pakistan completed the questionnaires of the study variables. Results revealed that in-lecture perceived autonomy support and autonomous motivation were positively associated with autonomous motivation and intention to engage in after-lecture learning activities via the mediation of the social cognitive variables in all samples. After controlling for the effect of past behaviour, relations between intention and behaviour were only observed in the Chinese sample. In conclusion, the trans-contextual model can be applied to University education, but cultural differences appear to moderate the predictive power of the model, particularly for the intention-behaviour relationship.


Self-determination theory Theory of planned behaviour Cross-cultural study After-class revision Self-efficacy Multi-group structural equation modeling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derwin King Chung Chan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sophie Xin Yang
    • 2
  • Takeshi Hamamura
    • 3
  • Sarwat Sultan
    • 3
    • 4
  • Suxuan Xing
    • 5
  • Nikos L. D. Chatzisarantis
    • 3
  • Martin S. Hagger
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Human PerformanceUniversity of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong
  2. 2.Business SchoolSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.School of Psychology and Speech PathologyCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  4. 4.School of Applied PsychologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  5. 5.Chengdu Sport UniversityChengduChina

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