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Autonomous and controlled reasons underlying achievement goals: Implications for the 3 × 2 achievement goal model in educational and work settings

Abstract

The main purpose of the present research was to examine the effects of achievement goals (i.e., task-approach, task-avoidance, self-approach, self-avoidance, other-approach, and other-avoidance) and the autonomous and controlling reasons underlying their pursuit on educational (samples 1 and 2) and work (sample 3) outcomes (i.e., engagement, satisfaction, positive affect, and anxiety). The present results revealed that motivations underlying achievement goals are stronger predictors of subjective well-being than the endorsement of goals themselves. Theoretical implications and directions for future research are discussed.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Aurel Carbunar for his help on an earlier draft of the manuscript.

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Gillet, N., Lafrenière, MA.K., Huyghebaert, T. et al. Autonomous and controlled reasons underlying achievement goals: Implications for the 3 × 2 achievement goal model in educational and work settings. Motiv Emot 39, 858–875 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9505-y

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Keywords

  • Achievement goals
  • Autonomous and controlled motivations
  • Satisfaction
  • Engagement
  • Positive affect
  • Anxiety