Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 858–875 | Cite as

Autonomous and controlled reasons underlying achievement goals: Implications for the 3 × 2 achievement goal model in educational and work settings

  • Nicolas GilletEmail author
  • Marc-André K. Lafrenière
  • Tiphaine Huyghebaert
  • Evelyne Fouquereau
Original Paper


The main purpose of the present research was to examine the effects of achievement goals (i.e., task-approach, task-avoidance, self-approach, self-avoidance, other-approach, and other-avoidance) and the autonomous and controlling reasons underlying their pursuit on educational (samples 1 and 2) and work (sample 3) outcomes (i.e., engagement, satisfaction, positive affect, and anxiety). The present results revealed that motivations underlying achievement goals are stronger predictors of subjective well-being than the endorsement of goals themselves. Theoretical implications and directions for future research are discussed.


Achievement goals Autonomous and controlled motivations Satisfaction Engagement Positive affect Anxiety 



We would like to thank Aurel Carbunar for his help on an earlier draft of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Gillet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marc-André K. Lafrenière
    • 2
  • Tiphaine Huyghebaert
    • 1
  • Evelyne Fouquereau
    • 1
  1. 1.EA 2114 Psychologie des Âges de la Vie, FED 4223 Fédération Inter-régionale de Recherches en Sciences du Travail (FIRST), Département de PsychologieUniversité François-Rabelais de Tours, UFR Arts et Sciences HumainesTours Cedex 1France
  2. 2.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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