Skip to main content

Production of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene/High-Density Polyethylene Composites from Waste Sources by Using Coupling Agents

A possible way of recycling plastic wastes has been investigated. Polyalkenyl-poly-maleic-anhydride derivates were synthesized and employed in ABS and HDPE blends to eliminate their immiscibility. By this way, the recycling of ABS and HDPE could be performed with improved mechanical properties of reshaped specimens.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9


  1. An Analysis of Plastic Consumption and Recovery in Western Europe 2000. APME (2002).

  2. An Analysis of Plastic Consumption and Recovery in Western Europe 2001/2. APME (2003).

  3. Fathi Elmaghor, Liye Zhang, Run Fan, Hangquan Li “Recycling of polycarbonate by blending with maleic anhydride grafted ABS,” Polymer, 45, No. 19, 6719–6724, (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. A. Tukker, “Comparing feedstock recycling of plastics waste to mechanical recycling methods,” TNO report“, (2002).

  5. WHO, WHO IPCS Environmental Health Criteria Document, WHO; Geneva Brominated Diphenyl Ethers 162 (1994).

  6. R. Scaffaro, L. Botta, G. Di Benedetto, “Physical properties of virgin-recycled ABS blends: Effect of post-consumer content and of reprocessing cycles,” Eur. Polym. J., 48, No. 3, 637–648, (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. EC, Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, Official Journal of the European Commission, Brussels, (2003) L37/24

  8. The Compelling Facts About Plastics, “Ananalysis of plastics production, demand and recovery for 2006 in Europe,” (2008).

  9. Geoffrey Pritchard, Plastics Additives An A-Z reference, Chapman & Hall (2006).

  10. H. Parton, J. Baets, P. Lipnik, B. Goderis, J. Devaux, and I. Verpoest, “Properties of poly(butylene terephthatlate) polymerized from cyclic oligomers and its composites,” Polymer, 46, No. 14, 9871–9880 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Z. A. Mohd Ishak, A. Ariffin, and R. Senawi, “Effects of hygrothermal aging and a silance coupling agent on the tensile properties of injection molded short glass fiber reinforced poly(butylene terephthalate) composites,” Eur. Polym. J., 37, No. 8, 1635-1647 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. M. Abdelmouleh, S. Boufi, M. N. Belgacem, and A. Dufresne, “Short natural-fibre reinforced polyethylene and natural rubber composites: Effect of silane coupling agents and fibres loading,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 67, No. 7-8, 1627-1639 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. S.-J. Kim, B.-S. Shin, J.-L. Hong, W.-J. Cho, and C.-S. Ha, “Reactive compatibilization of the PBT/EVA blend by maleic anhydride,” Polymer, 42, No. 9, 4073-4080 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. E. Hage, W. Hale, H. Keskkula, and D. R. Pault, “Impact modification of poly(butylene terephthalate) by ABS materials,” Polymer, 38, No. 13, 3237-3250 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. E. M. S. Sanchez, “Ageing of PC/PBT blend: Mechanical properties and recycling possibility,” Polymer Testing, 26, No. 3, 378–387 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. W. R. Hale, L. A. Pessan, H. Keskkula, and D. R. Paul, “Effect of compatibilization and ABS type on properties of PBT/ABS blends,” Polymer, 40, No. 15, 4237–4250 (1999).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. M. Joshi, S. N. Maiti, and A. Misra, “Studies on the thermal, dynamic mechanical and rheological behaviour of shortglass-fibre-reinforced composites based on poly(butylene terephthalate)/high density polyethylene blends,” Polymer, 35, No. 17, 3679-3685 (1994).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. J. Hartikainen, P. Hine, J. S. Szabó, M. Lindner, T. Harmia, R. A. Duckett, and K. Friedrich, “Polypropylene hybrid composites reinforced with long glass fibres and particulate filler,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 65, No. 2, 257–267 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. P. Pozzi, R. Taurino, T. Zanasi, F. Andreola, L. Barbieri, and I. Lancellotti, “New polypropylene/glass composites: Effect of glass fibers from cathode ray tubes on thermal and mechanical properties,” Composites: Pt A: Appl. Sci. and Manufacturing, 41, No. 3, 435-440 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. L. Yang, J. L. Thomason, W. Zhu, “The influence of thermo-oxidative degradation on the measured interface strength of glass fibre-polypropylene,” Composites: Pt A: Appl. Sci. and Manufacturing, 42, No. 10, 1293-1300 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


The research was funded by the TAMOP-4.2.1/B-09/1/KONV-2010-0003 Project (financial support by the Hungarian State and the European Union) whose support the authors gratefully acknowledge. The authors are also grateful to the Institute of Chemical Engineering Cooperative Research Center of the University of Pannonia for the financial support received for this work.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to N. Miskolczi.

Additional information

Russian translation published in Mekhanika Kompozitnykh Materialov, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 529-542 , May-June, 2014.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Miskolczi, N., Szakacs, H., Sedlarik, V. et al. Production of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene/High-Density Polyethylene Composites from Waste Sources by Using Coupling Agents. Mech Compos Mater 50, 377–386 (2014).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • polyalkenyl-poly-maleic-anhydride derivates
  • ABS
  • HDPE
  • immisciblility