The effect of milled carbon fibers of two types (differing in length) on the properties of rigid polyurethane foams in the density range from 50 to 90 kg/m3 is investigated. The coefficient of thermal expansion and properties of the foams in tension and compression as functions of fiber content in them are determined. It is found that the long fibers are more efficient in improving the properties of the foams in their rise direction. The elongation at break of the foams decreases significantly with increasing fiber content.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
A. H. Landrock, Handbook of Plastics Foams: Types, Properties, Manufacture and Applications, Noyes Publications, New Jersy (1995).
O. G. Tarakanov, I. V. Shamov, and V. D. Alperin, Filled Plastics Foams [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1988).
Y. Yuan and F. Shutov, “Foamed polymer sandwich composites reinforced with three-dimensional filler,” J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 21, No. 5, 653-661 (2002).
J. A. Rinde, “Preparation and mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced foams,” J. Cellul. Plast., 6, No. 1, 280-287 (1970).
A. Siegmann, S. Kenig, D. Alperstein, and M. Narkis, “Mechanical behavior of reinforced polyurethane foams,” Polym. Compos., 4, Iss. 2, 113-119 (2004).
M. V. Alonso, M. L. Auad, and S. Nutt, “Short-fiber-reinforced epoxy foams,” Composites. Pt. A. Appl. Sci. Manufact., 37, No. 11, 1952-1960 (2006).
P. Masi, L. Nicolais, M. Mazzola, Snial, and M. Narkis, “Tensile properties of fiberglass-reinforced polyester foams,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 28, Iss. 4, 1517-1525 (2003).
A. Desai, S. R. Nutt, and M. V. Alonso, “Modeling of fiber-reinforced phenolic foam,” J. Cellul. Plast., 44, Sept., 391-413 (2008).
T. C. Cotgreave and J. B. Shortall, “The mechanism of reinforcement of polyurethane foam by high-modulus chopped fibres,” J. Mater. Sci., 12, 708-717 (April, 1977).
T. C. Cotgreave and J. B. Shortall, “The fracture toughness of reinforced polyurethane foam,” J. Mater. Sci., 13, No. 4, 722-730 (1978).
J. M. Methven and J. R. Dawson, “Reinforced foams,” in: N. C. Hilyard (ed.), Mechanics of Cellular Plastics, Scientific and Technical Books, New York (1982), pp. 323-358.
B. Wang, R. Xiu, W. Wu, and Y. Wu, “The Young’s moduli prediction of random distributed short-fiber-reinforced polypropylene foams using finite element method,” Sci. China, Ser. E, Techn. Sci., 52, No. 1, 72-78 (2009).
E. B. Semmes and A. Arnold Frances, “Nano-aramid fiber reinforced polyurethane foam,” NTRS: Doc. ID: 20090014883; Report Number: MSFC-2090 (2008).
I. W. Schamow, W. P. Tscherepanov, O. G. Tarakanow, and J. A. Petrow, “Anwendung zerkleinerter Glasfasen als modifizierender Zusatz für Polyurethanhartsghaumstoffe,” Plaste Kautsch., Bd. 26, No. 1, 23-25 (1979).
Translated from Mekhanika Kompozitnykh Materialov, Vol. 46, No. 6, pp. 983-996, November-December, 2010.
About this article
Cite this article
Yakushin, V., Stirna, U., Bel’kova, L. et al. Properties of rigid polyurethane foams filled with milled carbon fibers. Mech Compos Mater 46, 679–688 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11029-011-9181-2
- rigid polyurethane foam
- milled carbon fibers
- mechanical properties