Effectiveness of the Local Adaptation Plan of Action to support climate change adaptation in Nepal

  • Bimal Raj Regmi
  • Cassandra Star
  • Walter Leal FilhoEmail author
Original Article


A key challenge in climate change adaptation in developing countries as a whole, and to handling global change in particular, is to link local adaptation needs on the one hand, with national adaptation initiatives on the other, so that vulnerable households and communities can directly benefit. This study assesses the impact of the Nepal government’s efforts to promote its Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) and its applicability to other least developed countries (LDCs). Based on data gathered from two field studies in Nepal, the research shows that the Nepal’s LAPA has succeeded in mobilizing local institutions and community groups in adaptation planning and recognizing their role in adaptation. However, the LAPA approach and implementation have been constrained by sociostructural and governance barriers that have failed to successfully integrate local adaptation needs in local planning and increase the adaptive capacity of vulnerable households. This paper describes the mechanisms of suitable governance strategies for climate change adaptation specific to Nepal and other LDCs. It also argues the need to adopt an adaptive comanagement approach, where the government and all stakeholders identify common local- and national-level mainstreaming strategy for knowledge management, resource mobilization, and institutional development, ultimately using adaptation as a tool to handle global change.


Climate change Climate change adaptation Comanagement Local Adaptation Plan of Action (LAPA) Nepal Least developed countries (LDCs) 



The authors wish to thank Dr Susanne Schech, Dr Victoria Farrar-Myers, and Emily Collins for providing valuable input to strengthen the paper. The article could not have been developed without the support of the respondents, particularly the policy makers, practitioners, and communities interviewed in Nepal. Finally, the authors are very grateful to Flinders University for providing the opportunity to be engaged in research and academic learning.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bimal Raj Regmi
    • 1
  • Cassandra Star
    • 1
  • Walter Leal Filho
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Social and Policy StudiesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.School of Science and the EnvironmentManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK

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