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A perfect storm? Indigenous rights within a national REDD+ readiness process in Peru

Abstract

Recurring disagreements during national preparations to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) are contributing to policy reform at multiple scales. The objectives of this study are to (i) develop a general framework to characterise diverse stakeholder perspectives on REDD+ programme objectives and governance arrangements, and (ii) apply this framework to analyse key stakeholders involved in REDD+ readiness process of Peru: the Inter-ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Rainforest (Asociación Interétnica de Desarrollo de la Selva Peruana, AIDESEP), the Peruvian government and the World Bank. As indigenous peoples strive to maintain their own traditions and priorities, a turbulent readiness process is helping to resolve long-ignored issues of indigenous rights and to make REDD+ programme governance structures more inclusive. The Peruvian government/World Bank approach to REDD+ is incompatible with that of AIDESEP, therefore parallel implementation will be required for them to co-exist. Although a diversity of participants has helped to check and balance the centralization of decision-making power over REDD+ programme development, a history of failed assurances and agreements point to a need to maintain vigilance as new laws, regulations and safeguards are implemented.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for financial support for this work from the EU under the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation from Alternative Land Uses in Rainforests of the Tropics (REDD-ALERT) project, Grant Agreement number 226310.

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Correspondence to Douglas White.

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White, D. A perfect storm? Indigenous rights within a national REDD+ readiness process in Peru. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 19, 657–676 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-013-9523-6

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Key Words

  • Climate change mitigation
  • FCPF
  • Forests
  • Governance
  • Safeguards
  • Tenure