Maintaining Discipline in the Kaiser Wilhelm Society during the National Socialist Regime
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In responding to incidents of internal ‘indiscipline’, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society many times asserted its authority, sometimes in cooperation with agencies of the Nazi regime. Following the Second World War, however, the KWS represented itself as having been intrinsically anti-Nazi. This essay describes the assumptions inherent in this view, and points to its wider implications for post-war German science.
KeywordsGerman Science Western Zone Nazi Regime Nazi Party Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
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Much research for this article was undertaken whilst I was a guest of the Forschungsprogramm ‘Geschichte der Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft im Nationalsozialismus’, and I would like to thank members of the programme – especially, Carola Sachse, Helmut Maier, Susanne Heim, and Michael Schüring – for their hospitality and advice. I also thank Alexei Kojevnikov, Mark Walker, and Jessica Wang, as well as several anonymous referees and the Editor of Minerva, for their fruitful comments.