, Volume 61, Issue 11–12, pp 1048–1054 | Cite as

Effect of Continuous Casting Technology on Low-Alloy Steel Structure in Different Production Stages

  • A. N. Zavalishchin
  • E. V. Kozhevnikova

The effect of “soft reduction” technology on chemical inhomogeneity of a continuously-cast slab, and also on the structure and properties of finished rolled product made of low-carbon microalloyed steel is studied. In slabs prepared without soft reduction, a defect is often observed in the form of white bands leading to a reduction in the proportion of ductile component in low-standard rolled product. In a slab transverse section, from the surface into the depth there are coarse grains with ferrite over boundaries and bainite within grains. A white band is formed by fine polyhedral ferrite grains with a small amount of finely acicular bainite. In this case, the microhardness of ferrite and bainite in the axial zone, and in a white band is considerably higher than in other slab zones. Also within the limits of a white band there is formation of an increased amount of sulfides and carbonitrides. It is demonstrated that as a result of liquation processes there is an increase in carbon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus, and also microalloying element content within a white band.


low-alloy steel continuously-cast billet soft reduction liquation microstructure hot-rolled product 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical UniversityMagnitogorskRussia
  2. 2.Ausferr Research and Technology CenterMagnitogorskRussia

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